Sherman Hsiu-huang Wu (1937 – May 11, 2010) was an American social activist and a former professor, whose experiences at Northwestern University brought the issue of discrimination against Asian Americans to the fore. The general condemnation of the prejudice exhibited against him presaged later actions in the Asian American movement.
Wu was born in China to K.C. Wu, a Chinese politician, and Edith Huang . The younger Wu was prevented from leaving Taiwan, where his father had served as governor, after the rest of his family had moved to the United States. K.C. Wu charged that this action was retaliation for his criticisms of the government of Chiang Kai-shek. Eventually, however, Wu was allowed to leave.
Experience with discrimination by Northwestern University fraternity
Wu attempted to pledge at the Psi Upsilon fraternity at Northwestern University in the Fall of 1956. After originally being told that he would be able to join the fraternity, he was "depledged" after his fellow pledges objected to someone of Chinese ancestry joining the organization. Wu wrote a letter to The Daily Northwestern, the campus newspaper, criticizing the actions of the fraternity. Wu wrote that his depledging was "just one of those cases that are based on a few people's ignorance and prejudice."
Psi Upsilon representatives stated that, "Having an Oriental in the house would degrade [the fraternity] in the eyes of other fraternities and make it more difficult to get dates from the sororities." As then-fraternity president Jack H. Lageschulte put it, "we felt he would be a detriment." Lageschulte also said that all seven other freshmen pledges objected.
The Daily Northwestern called for the interfraternity council to investigate the depledging, and the student government of Northwestern University criticized the actions of the fraternity. The Northwestern University branch of the American Association of University Professors issued a statement calling the depledging "completely contrary to the democratic ideals for which the AAUP stands" and "deplorable."
Psi Upsilon's action became national news when written about by Time magazine. The actions of the fraternity were criticized by Upton Sinclair, among others. In the wake of the publicity, two other fraternities offered to pledge Wu. The dean of students, James McLeod, took no action to force the Psi Upsilon to rescind its decision, saying that "the fraternity is a student organization which has its own rules." The president of the university, J. Roscoe Miller, stated that the university would not interfere with the selection of fraternity members. Fraternities at the university continued to practice racial discrimination until the mid-1960s.
Wu remained at Northwestern, having joined a different fraternity, and received his bachelor's degree in 1961. He later also received a master of science degree in 1963 and a doctorate in 1965, both still at Northwestern. After completing his PhD, Wu worked in various space industries.He contributed to the design of reaction jet control system for the Apollo mission and digital auto-pilot for the ABM and other tactical missiles. He later became a professor at Marquette University in the Department of Electrical Engineering. He married Julianne Lezotte Agnew, a native of Wisconsin and a journalist. Following his retirement, he settled in Clearwater, Florida. He died on May 11, 2010 from esophageal cancer.
- Wood, Percy (May 9, 1965). "K.C. Wu Takes Post at College in South". Chicago Tribune. p. 11.
- "Obituaries: Edith Huang "; Savannah Morning News, August 25, 2002. ()
- "'Chinese Boy' Is Barred by Fraternity". The Washington Post and Times Herald. November 1, 1956. pp. A11.
- "People, Nov. 12, 1956". Time. November 12, 1956. Retrieved May 23, 2010.
- "N.U. Fraternity Ousts Wu's Son Because of His Race". Chicago Daily Tribune. October 31, 1956. p. 2.
- Pridmore, Jay (2000). Northwestern University: Celebrating 150 Years. Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University Press. p. 197. ISBN 978-0-8101-1829-4.
- "Formosan Ousted by U.S. Frat". Oakland Tribune. October 31, 1956.
- "N.U. Students Rip Fraternity on Wu Ouster". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 1, 1956. pp. B9.
- "Ban on Chinese Studied". New York Times. November 3, 1956. p. 25.
- "Letters, Dec. 10, 1956". Time. December 10, 1956. Retrieved May 23, 2010.
- Daniels, Roger (1990). Asian America: Chinese and Japanese in the United States Since 1850. Seattle, Washington: University of Washington Press. p. 300. ISBN 978-0-295-97018-9.
- Andrew Meacham. "Sherman Wu, inspiration for Pete Seeger song, dies," Tampa Bay Times, May 20, 2010. Retrieved 2012-08-08.
- Letters To The Editor - Forum
- Wu, Sherman; Anthony Sances, Jr. "Nonlinear Mathematical Model of Isometric Muscle Twitch". Abstracts Annual Meeting. Biophysical Society. p. 117.
- "Sherman Wu, inspiration for Pete Seeger song, dies". St. Petersburg Times. May 20, 2010. Retrieved September 8, 2010.
- "Sherman Wu was inspiration for Pete Seeger song". JSOnline. May 27, 2010. Retrieved September 8, 2010.