Shewanella haliotis

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Shewanella haliotis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Gammaproteobacteria
Order: Alteromonadales
Family: Shewanellaceae
Genus: Shewanella
Species: S. haliotis
Binomial name
Shewanella haliotis
Kim et al., 2007

Shewanella haliotis, a species of rod-shaped, Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic bacteria, was first isolated from the gut microflora of abalones (large edible sea snails) collected from the ocean near Yeosu, South Korea, by Kim et al. in 2007. Further studies showed the cells to be catalase- and oxidase-positive.[1] The species epithet haliotis is a reference to the genus name of abalones, Haliotis.

The genus Shewanella had been previously named in 1985 by MacDonell and Colwell in honor of Scottish microbiologist James M. Shewan, for his work in fisheries microbiology.[2]

Characteristics[edit]

A sample colony of S. haliotis was isolated from an abalone. It was pink-orange in colour, grew at 42 °C in the pH range 5–11 (with optimum pH being 7). It was found to be positive for malate as a carbon source, and negative for mannose and glucose use. The strain was resistant to both penicillin and vancomycin.[3]

Human pathologies[edit]

S. haliotis severe soft tissue infection of woman in Thailand, 2012: The patient sought treatment for painful erythematous swelling of the left leg. A- Arrow indicates affected area, B- Postsurgical fasciotomy wound with necrotic tissue

The route of Shewanella infection is associated with direct contact with the organism through seawater or ingestion of raw seafood, causing severe soft tissue infection. One case of infection was found to be susceptible to ciprofloxacin (0.25 mg/l), piperacillin-tazobactam (1.0 mg/l), ceftriaxone (1.0 mg/l), and meropenem (0.38 mg/l). The patient had fever for the first 2 days of hospitalization. After 2 weeks of treatment, the antimicrobial drug was switched to oral ciprofloxacin; treatment was continued after dressing and debridement of the fasciotomy wound.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kim, Duwoon; Sik Baik, Keun; Sun Kim, Mi; Jung, Bok-Mi; Shin, Tai-Sun; Chung, Gyu-Hwa; Soo Rhee, Moon; Nam Seong, Chi (2007). "Shewanella haliotis sp. nov., isolated from the gut microflora of abalone, Haliotis discus hannai". Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 57 (12): 2926–2931. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.65257-0. PMID 18048751. 
  2. ^ Henry, R (2013). "Etymologia: Shewanella haliotis". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 19 (6): 1035. doi:10.3201/eid1906.ET1906. PMC 3713846Freely accessible. PMID 23735477. 
  3. ^ Sucharita, K; Sasikala Ch, Park SC; Baik, KS; Seong, CN; Ramana, ChV (Dec 2009). "Shewanella chilikensis sp. nov., a moderately alkaliphilic gammaproteobacterium isolated from a lagoon". Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 59 (12): 3111–5. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.010918-0. PMID 19643885. 
  4. ^ Poovorawan, K; Chatsuwan, T; Lakananurak, N; Chansaenroj, J; Komolmit, P; Poovorawan, Y (2013). "Shewanella haliotis associated with severe soft tissue infection, Thailand". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 19 (6): 1019–1021. doi:10.3201/eid1906.121607. 

Contains public domain text from the CDC