|Elevation||1,190 m (3,904 ft)|
|Traversed by||I-5 / E85|
Shipka Pass (Bulgarian: Шипченски проход, Shipchenski prohod) (el. 1150 m./3820 ft.) is a scenic mountain pass through the Balkan Mountains in Bulgaria. It marks the border between Stara Zagora province and Gabrovo province. The pass connects the towns of Gabrovo and Kazanlak. The pass is part of the Bulgarka Nature Park.
A road also leads from the pass to the summit of Buzludzha, 12 km to the east.
Battle of Shipka Pass
During the Russo-Turkish War in 1877 and 1878, Shipka Pass was the scene of a series of conflicts collectively named the Battle of Shipka Pass, fought between the Russians, aided by Bulgarian volunteers, and the Ottoman Empire.
The monument is a 31.5-metre (98-foot) high stone tower in the form of a truncated pyramid. A giant bronze lion, 8 m (26 feet) long and 4 m (13 feet) high, stands above the entrance to the tower, and a figure of a woman represents the victory over the Ottoman forces. A marble sarcophagus housing some of the remains of the Russian and Bulgarian casualties is on the first floor. There are four other floors where one can find replicas of Bulgarian military flags and other relics. The top of the tower reveals a panorama of Shipka Peak and the surrounding area.
- Battles of the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878)
- Bulgarka Nature Park
- Epic of the Forgotten by Ivan Vazov
- Etar Architectural-Ethnographic Complex
- Heroes of Shipka
- History of Bulgaria
- Gabrovo City
- Crowe, John Henry Verinder (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 24 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 1043–1044, line one.
...a pass in the Balkans, celebrated as the scene of fierce fighting in the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78. In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.).
- "Monument of Freedom". Bulgarian Ministry of Culture - Museum "Shipka-Buzluzha". Retrieved 2011-03-11.