View from Shipka
|Elevation||1,190 m (3,904 ft)|
Shipka Pass (Bulgarian: Шипченски проход, Shipchenski prohod) (el. 1150 m./3820 ft.) is a scenic mountain pass through the Balkan Mountains in Bulgaria. It marks the border between Stara Zagora province and Gabrovo province. The pass connects the towns of Gabrovo and Kazanlak. The pass is part of the Bulgarka Nature Park.
A road also leads from the pass to the summit of Buzludzha, 12 km to the east.
Battle of Shipka Pass
During the Russo-Turkish War in 1877 and 1878, Shipka Pass was the scene of a series of conflicts collectively named the Battle of Shipka Pass, fought between the Bulgarians, aided by Russian volunteers, and the Ottoman Empire.
The Shipka Memorial (Bulgarian: паметник „Шипка“) is on Stoletov Peak near the pass, reached by a flight of steps or a short road. It is a memorial to those who died for the Liberation of Bulgaria during the Battles of Shipka Pass in the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78. It was opened with a ceremony in 1934 and designed by architect Atanas Donkov and sculptor Aleksandar Andreev. An important influence was the Monument to the Battle of the Nations in Germany.
The monument is a 31.5-metre (98-foot) high stone tower in the form of a truncated pyramid. A giant bronze lion, 8 m (26 feet) long and 4 m (13 feet) high, stands above the entrance to the tower, and a figure of a woman represents the victory over the Ottoman forces. A marble sarcophagus housing some of the remains of the Russian and Bulgarian casualties is on the first floor. There are four other floors where one can find replica of Bulgarian military flags and other relics. The top of the tower reveals a panorama of Shipka Peak and the surrounding area.
- Battles of the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878)
- Bulgarka Nature Park
- Epic of the Forgotten by Ivan Vazov
- Etar Architectural-Ethnographic Complex
- Heroes of Shipka
- History of Bulgaria
- Gabrovo City
- "Monument of Freedom". Bulgarian Ministry of Culture - Museum "Shipka-Buzluzha". Retrieved 2011-03-11.
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