Sholver

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Sholver
Shovler and Moorside.png
Sholver and Moorside above the Beal Valley
Sholver is located in Greater Manchester
Sholver
Sholver
Sholver shown within Greater Manchester
OS grid reference SD950077
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town OLDHAM
Postcode district OL1
Dialling code 0161
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester
53°33′58″N 2°04′29″W / 53.566097°N 2.074748°W / 53.566097; -2.074748Coordinates: 53°33′58″N 2°04′29″W / 53.566097°N 2.074748°W / 53.566097; -2.074748

Sholver is an area of Oldham, in Greater Manchester, England. An elevated, residential area, it lies near the middle of the Oldham part of the valley of the River Beal, 2.1 miles (3.4 km) northeast of Oldham's commercial centre, nearly at the northeastern-most extremity of the town, by open countryside close to the source of the River Medlock and by the border with Saddleworth.[1]

Historically a part of Lancashire, Sholver and its surroundings have provided archaeological evidence of Neolithic activity in the area. The name Sholver is of Old Norse derivation, and the locality, anciently, was a hamlet, independent of Oldham. Top Sholver is the site of a large council estate built in the 1960s.[1] Bottom Sholver consists of higher-value suburban semi-detached housing, built in the 1990s, although it still contains a very small number of council houses.

History[edit]

The earliest known evidence of a human presence in what is now Sholver and adjacient Moorside is attested by the discovery of Neolithic flint arrow-heads and workings found at Besom Hill, implying habitation 7–10,000 years ago.[2]

Like Oldham, the name Sholver is thought to be of Old Norse origin; a derivative of "erg (a Norse word for hill-pasture) of a farmer called Skjolgr (a Norse forename)".[2][3] Indeed, Norsemen occupied Sholver in the 10th century,[4] where they erected shielings - temporary huts in a remote pasture akin to the style of living done in their native Scandinavia.[2] It is recorded as Sholgher in 1291, Choller in 1311.

For centuries, in keeping with the known history of Oldham, Sholver was a remote and obscure hamlet set amongst the Pennines.[2] The plan of the hamlet of Sholver changed little since the Early Middle Ages. At the end of the 17th century the medieval timber and plaster dwellings were replaced by solid farms in the local grey sandstone, without substantial changes in the sites of the buildings.[3] The cottages and farms were still grouped around a wide central oval green. The freehold of Sholver's farms had been bought from the Prestwich family in the 17th century at the time when the residencies were largely rebuilt in stone.[3]

James Butterworth, a poet and local historian, described Sholver as "a small village of great antiquity where the houses are chiefly built of stone, and have a rustic appearance," and describes a very pleasant retreat "in the neighbourhood of the cottages called the Dingle".[3] Among early historical references to this area we find, in 1212, Ralph Tagun held Sholver as 4 oxgangs of land; it was part of the Nevill estate then in hand of King John.[5] In 1346 it was held in moieties by Richard de Pilkington and Cecily de Hulme. From the Hulmes it descended to the Prestwich family, who held it till the middle of the 17th century. It was sold to various persons about 1657. In April 1540, during the reign of Charles I of England, Robert Lytham carried out some measuring of Sholver moor.[5]

As cotton milling was introduced in the 18th century, the cottage industry of Sholver declined, and instead became an important source of coal which was growing in demand.[3] James Butterworth claimed that "the Manchester market seems to prefer the coal dug in this parish before that of any other." As early as 1791 Edmund Kershaw of Sholver was a known collier, though some of the early coal mines in the area-bell or beehive pits-date back as early as 1542.[3]

The most profound development of modern Sholver began in May 1966.[3] The Oldham County Borough Council began construction on its huge Sholver housing estates on what had been farm pastureland.[3] On elevated land, some 1,000 feet (305 m) above sea level, the council aimed to provide nearly 1,700 dwellings.[3] This increase in population has changed Sholver in its character from a cluster of houses sheltering under the brow of a hill to a large council estate.[3] Sholver continues to have high numbers of social rented properties.[1]

Governance[edit]

Lying within the historic county boundaries of Lancashire since the early 12th century, Sholver was recorded in 1212 as being one of five parts of the thegnage estate of Kaskenmoor, which was held on behalf of King John by Roger de Montbegon and William de Nevill.[2][5] The other parts of this estate were Crompton, Glodwick, Oldham, and Werneth.[6] Sholver would later form part of the township of Oldham within the ancient ecclesiastical parish of Prestwich-cum-Oldham, in the hundred of Salford.[5][7]

The Sholver estate archaically covered a wide area and included areas such as Watersheddings, Barrowshaw and Counthill lying south of the modern Sholver housing development.[8]

Geography[edit]

A view from Sholver down the Beal Valley, towards Shaw and Crompton.

At 53°33′57.9″N 2°4′29.1″W / 53.566083°N 2.074750°W / 53.566083; -2.074750 (53.566097, -2.074748), Sholver stands on a steep hillside, about 1,000 feet (304.8 m) above sea level, 2.1 miles (3.4 km) northeast of Oldham's commercial centre, nearly at the northeastern-most extremity of the town. Saddleworth and the South Pennines are close to the east. The River Beal lies in the valley below to the west, and beyond this, Royton and Shaw and Crompton. Moorside is a suburban area contiguous with Sholver's east. Sholver lies on the eastern edge of the Greater Manchester Urban Area.[9]

Archaic localities in and around Sholver include Sholvermoor and Sholver Slack.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Oldham Metropolitan Borough Council. "Alt and Sholver Partnership". oldham.gov.uk. Retrieved 24 June 2008. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Bateson, Hartley (1949). A Centenary History of Oldham. Oldham County Borough Council. ISBN 5-00-095162-X. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j St. Thomas' Church Moorside. "Local History". stthomasmoorside.org.uk. Retrieved 14 November 2007. 
  4. ^ Daly, J.D. Oldham From the XX Legion to the 20th Century. ISBN 5-00-091284-5. 
  5. ^ a b c d Brownbill, J; William Farrer (1911). A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5. Victoria County History. pp. 92–108. ISBN 978-0-7129-1055-2. 
  6. ^ Ballard, Elsie (1986) [1967]. A Chronicle of Crompton (2nd ed.). Royton: Burnage Press Limited. ISBN 5-00-096678-3. 
  7. ^ "Greater Manchester Gazetteer". Greater Manchester County Record Office. Places names - S. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 23 June 2008. 
  8. ^ http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/lancs/vol5/pp92-108 |The Parish of Prestwich with Oldham |Retrieved 7 December 2016
  9. ^ Office for National Statistics (2001). "Census 2001:Key Statistics for urban areas in the North; Map 3" (PDF). statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 13 September 2007.