The name Shorja comes from Persian شورچاه Shurchah and means "salty well". This market place is a landmark established long ago by Iranian merchants.
During the U.S. occupation
Shorjh was the site of several major attacks. The 12 February 2007 Baghdad bombings killed 76 people and injured 155-180. Near the marketplace on March 26 2007 a suicide car bomber killed two people and injured five others. Snipers hidden in Shorjh's bazaar killed several people around the same time and gunfights erupted between militants and the Iraqi security forces in the area.
On 1 April 2007, American presidential candidate John McCain, in an effort to illustrate that the security situation had improved, visited the Shorjh marketplace. The visit was criticized by the New York Times as giving a false indication of how secure the area was due to the extremely heavy security forces McCain brought with him. Indiana Representative Mike Pence was also criticized for visiting the market, under large security including helicopters overhead, and saying it was "like a normal outdoor market in Indiana in the summertime."
- Semple, Kirk (April 3, 2007). "Iraq market was tightly secured for McCain, merchants say". The Boston Globe. New York Times News Service.
- Sengupta, Kim (13 February 2007). "Multiple bomb attack on Baghdad kills 76". London: The Independent. Retrieved 2007-04-02.
- "Dozens killed in Baghdad bombings". BBC News. 12 February 2007.
- Reuters AlertNet - FACTBOX-Security developments in Iraq, March 26
- Semple, Kirk (April 3, 2007). "McCain Wrong on Iraq Security, Merchants Say". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-04-02.
- Semple, Kirk (2007-04-03). "McCain Wrong on Iraq Security, Merchants Say". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-23.
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