In electronics, short-channel effects occur in MOSFETs in which the channel length is comparable to the depletion layer widths of the source and drain junctions. These effects include, in particular, drain-induced barrier lowering, velocity saturation, and hot carrier degradation.
- F. D’Agostino, D. Quercia. "Short-Channel Effects in MOSFETs" (PDF).
- Principles of Semiconductor Devices. 7.7. Advanced MOSFET issues