Short-tailed lark

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Short-tailed lark
Pseudalaemon fremantlii -East Africa-8.jpg
P. f. delamerei in Serengeti N.P.
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Alaudidae
Genus: Spizocorys
Species: S. fremantlii
Binomial name
Spizocorys fremantlii
Subspecies

see text

Pseudalaemon fremantlii distribution map.png
resident range
Synonyms
  • Calendula fremantlii
  • Galerida fremantlii
  • Pseudalaemon fremantlii

The short-tailed lark (Spizocorys fremantlii) is a species of lark in the family Alaudidae.

It is found in Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, and Tanzania. Its natural habitats are dry savannah, subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, and subtropical or tropical dry lowland grassland.[1]

Illustrated by Keulemans

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

The short-tailed lark was originally placed in the genus Calendula (which was subsequently renamed to Galerida) and then to the monotypic genus Pseudalaemon before it was re-classified to Spizocorys in 2014.[2][3]

Subspecies[edit]

Three subspecies are recognized:[4]

  • Somali short-tailed lark (S. f. fremantlii) - (Lort Phillips, 1897): Found in south-eastern Ethiopia and Somalia
  • S. f. megaensis - (Benson, 1946): Found in southern Ethiopia and northern Kenya
  • Kenya short-tailed lark (S. f. delamerei) - (Sharpe, 1900): Originally described as a separate species. Found in southern Kenya and northern Tanzania

Behaviour and ecology[edit]

Food and feeding[edit]

The diet of the short-tailed lark consists mostly of vegetable material.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2012). "Pseudalaemon fremantlii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ "Spizocorys fremantlii - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-12-03.
  3. ^ "Taxonomy 4.1 to 4.4 « IOC World Bird List". www.worldbirdnames.org. Retrieved 2016-12-03.
  4. ^ "IOC World Bird List 6.4". IOC World Bird List Datasets. doi:10.14344/ioc.ml.6.4.
  5. ^ Donald, Paul (2010-06-30). The Skylark. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 9781408133347.
  6. ^ "ITIS Report: Pseudalaemon". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 8 August 2014.