Galerida

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Galerida
Crested Lark (Galerida cristata) at Sultanpur I Picture 118.jpg
Crested lark (Galerida cristata)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Alaudidae
Genus: Galerida
F. Boie, 1828
Type species
Alauda cristata
Linnaeus, 1758
Species

See text

Synonyms
  • Calendula
  • Galerita
  • Heliocorys
  • Ptilocorys

Galerida is a genus of birds in the family Alaudidae. The current scientific name is derived from Latin. Galerida was the name for a lark with a crest, from galerum, "cap".[1] The name Galerida is synonymous with the earlier genus names Calendula, Heliocorys and Ptilocorys.[2]

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

The genus Galerida was established by the German zoologist Friedrich Boie in 1828.[3] The type species was subsequently designated as the crested lark.[4]

Extant species[edit]

The genus contains seven species:[5]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Syke's Lark Galerida deva by Dr. Raju Kasambe DSCN5681 (2).jpg Galerida deva Sykes's lark central India
Sun Lark (Galerida modesta) (8080033500).jpg Galerida modesta Sun lark Guinea to South Sudan
Long-billed Lark - Natal - South Africa S4E7266 (16740106237).jpg Galerida magnirostris Large-billed lark southern Africa
Thekla Lark seen on rocks near Sagres Portugal (11930398044).jpg Galerida theklae Thekla lark Iberian Peninsula, in northern Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa from Senegal to Somalia
Crested lark singing.jpg Galerida cristata Crested lark northern Africa and in parts of western Asia and China
Malabar Crested Lark.jpg Galerida malabarica Malabar lark western India.
Galerida macrorhyncha Maghreb lark Maghreb desert of north-eastern Africa.

Extinct species[edit]

There are at least two fossil species which are included in this genus:

Former species[edit]

Formerly, some authorities also considered the following species (or subspecies) as species within the genus Galerida:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 169. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
  2. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010-06-30). Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 9781408133262.
  3. ^ Boie, Friedrich (1828). "Galerida". Isis von Oken (in German). 21. Col 321.
  4. ^ Mayr, Ernst; Greenway, James C. Jr, eds. (1960). Check-list of Birds of the World. Volume 9. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 55.
  5. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2018). "Nicators, reedling, larks". World Bird List Version 8.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  6. ^ Boev, Zlatozar (2012). "Neogene Larks (Aves: Alaudidae (Vigors, 1825)) from Bulgaria" (PDF). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica. 64 (3): 295–318.
  7. ^ Kessler, E (2013). "Neogene songbirds (Aves, Passeriformes) from Hungary". Hantkeniana. 8: 37–149.
  8. ^ "Spizocorys fremantlii - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-12-16.
  9. ^ "Eremalauda dunni - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-12-19.