Shukhov Rotunda

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The World First Membrane roof and steel gridshell in the Rotunda by Vladimir Shukhov, Nizhny Novgorod, 1895
Rotunda and rectangular pavilion by Vladimir Shukhov, Nizhny Novgorod, 1896
Rotunda by Shukhov, Nizhny Novgorod, 1896

Shukhov Rotunda was a round exhibition pavilion built for All-Russia Exhibition 1896 in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia. It was built in 1896 with a diagrid hanging cover (tensile gridshelldiagrid roof, Russian Empire patent No. 1894, dated March 12, 1899) and was the world's first Hyperboloid structure (in the center of the Rotunda). It is named after Vladimir Shukhov, who designed it in 1895.[1]

The Rotunda was 16 metres (52 ft) high with a diameter of 68 metres (223 ft). The diameter of the steel membrane was 25 metres (82 ft).

The rotunda was subsequently moved to Yessentuki and demolished in the 1980s.[2]

See also[edit]




  • Graefe, Rainer; Gappoev, Murat; Pertschi, Ottmar; Bach, Klaus; Auslandsbeziehungen, Institut für (1990). Vladimir G. Šuchov (in French). ISBN 978-3-421-02984-3. 
  • Picon, Antoine; Pompidou, Centre Georges (1997). Art de l'Ingenieur: Construction Entrepreneur Inventeur. Centre Georges Pompidou-Ircam. ISBN 978-2-85850-911-9. 

(Italian) (Russian)

Coordinates: 56°20′N 44°00′E / 56.333°N 44.000°E / 56.333; 44.000