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The shyuvr or shuvyr (chiabour in French sources, Russian: Шувыр) is a type of bagpipe of the Mari people, a Volga-Finnic people living in the Mari El Republic of central-western Russia. It is described as small bagpipe, consisting of a bag, a bone blowpipe, and two tubes of tin joined by a wooden sheath.[1] The pipe is almost always played with the tumyr, a Mari drum.[2]

An 1892 French work noted that the Mari had developed three instruments: a cithare (zither or cittern), bagpipe, and drum.[3] A later English work makes a similar statement, saying that the Mari have two instruments unique to their culture: the kusle mult-stringed zither, and the shyuvr bagpipe.[4]


  1. ^ Conservatoire national de musique et de déclamation (France). Musée; Gustave Chouquet (1894). Le musée du Conservatoire national de musique: Catalogue descriptif et raisonne. Supplement. Firmin-Didot. pp. 67–. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  2. ^ Malou Haine; Hubert Boone; Isabelle Deleuse; Géry Dumoulin; Wim Bosmans; Karel Moens; Anja Van Lerberghe; Ferdinand J De Hen; Pascale Vandervellen; Musée Instrumental (Bruxelles (18 September 2001). Musée des Instruments de Musique: Cornemuses européennes. Editions Mardaga. pp. 6–. ISBN 978-2-87009-786-1. Retrieved 29 May 2011. 
  3. ^ Société de Géographie de Rochefort (1892). Bulletin. pp. 132–. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  4. ^ Carl Waldman; Catherine Mason (April 2006). Encyclopedia of European peoples. Infobase Publishing. pp. 518–. ISBN 978-0-8160-4964-6. Retrieved 25 April 2011.