Siege of Barcelona (1706)
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|Siege of Barcelona|
|Part of War of the Spanish Succession|
Siege of Barcelona (1706)
|Commanders and leaders|
Lord Peterborough |
Philip V |
René de Froulay de Tessé
The Siege of Barcelona took place between 3 and 27 April 1706 during the War of the Spanish Succession when a Franco-Spanish army laid siege to Barcelona in an attempt to recapture the city following its fall to an English-led Allied army the previous year.
After the Earl of Peterborough entered Valencia in triumph in January of 1706, Barcelona was left vulnerable. This led the French to change the plans of attacking Valencia and try to besiege Barcelona instead, while the city was blocked from the sea-side by the Count of Toulouse. The Spanish forces were led by Philip V, while René de Froulay, Comte de Tessé was placed in charge of the French land forces during the siege.
Despite insufficient artillery and the constant harassment from Peterborough, who marched north with 3000 men and attacked the besiegers from the mountains, the Franco-Spanish forces finally managed to shoot three breaches in the walls. But before the decision to storm the city could be made, the siege was abandoned, following the appearance of a large English fleet under the command of John Leake carrying reinforcements.
The Franco-Spanish army abandoned its supplies and artillery in its hasty retreat. Phillip was cut off from returning to Madrid, and so he crossed into France. Barcelona and the entire region of Catalonia remained in Allied hands until 1714.
- Alcoberro i Pericay, Agustí (2010). "The War of the Spanish Succession in the Catalan-speaking Lands". Catalan Historical Review. 3: 69–86. doi:10.2436/20.1000.01.40. ISSN 2013-4088.
- "The Spanish Succession 1706". www.spanishsuccession.nl. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
- Freind, John (1707). An account of the Earl of Peterborough's conduct in Spain: chiefly since the raising the siege of Barcelona, 1706 : to which is added the campagne of Valencia, with original papers. London: W. Wise.
- "The Relief of Barcelona, 30 April 1706 - National Maritime Museum". Royal Museum Greenwich. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
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