Silene laciniata

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Silene laciniata
Silenelaciniata.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Genus: Silene
Species: S. laciniata
Binomial name
Silene laciniata
Cav.
Silene laciniata, Elfin Forest Natural Area, California

Silene laciniata is a perennial herb in the Pink family (Caryophyllaceae), commonly known as fringed Indian pink, cardinal catchfly,[1] Mexican campion,[citation needed] Mexican-pink,[2] and campion.[3]

It is native to the southwestern United States from California to Texas, as well as northern Mexico.

Description[edit]

Growth pattern[edit]

Silene laciniata grows from a taproot and has one or many decumbent[citation needed] to erect[citation needed] stems which may exceed a meter (3 ft.)[citation needed] in height. many stems.[3]

Leaves and stems[edit]

The slender, branching stem is glandular and sticky.

The lance-shaped leaves are up to about 10 centimeters long by 2 wide, with smaller ones occurring on upper parts of the plant.

Inflorescence and fruit[edit]

The inflorescence may have one flower or many, each on a long pedicel. The flower has a tubular green or reddish calyx of fused sepals which is lined with ten prominent veins. The five bright red petals are each divided deeply into 4 to 6 long, pointed lobes, sometimes appearing fringed.

The pistil has three parts.[3] There are ten stamens.[3]

Subspecies[edit]

Subspecies include:

  • Silene laciniata subsp. brandegeei
  • Silene laciniata subsp. californica
  • Silene laciniata subsp. greggii
  • Silene laciniata subsp. laciniata
  • Silene laciniata subsp. major [4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ USDA
  2. ^ Southwestern and Texas Wildflowers, Niehaus/Ripper/Savage, 1984, pp 296-297
  3. ^ a b c d Flowering Plants of the Santa Monica Mountains, Nancy Dale, 2nd Ed., pp 92-93
  4. ^ Jepson Manual: Silene laciniata subsp. major

External links[edit]