Silver drummer

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Silver drummer
Not evaluated (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Kyphosidae
Subfamily: Kyphosinae
Genus: Kyphosus
Species: K. sydneyanus
Binomial name
Kyphosus sydneyanus
(Günther, 1886)
Synonyms
  • Pimelepterus sydneyanus Günther, 1886
  • Pimelepterus meridionalis J. D. Ogilby, 1887

The Silver drummer (Kyphosus sydneyanus), is a species of sea chub native to the Pacific Ocean from Australia to New Zealand where it occurs in shallow waters on rocky reefs. This species can reach a length of up to 80 centimetres (31 in) TL, and they may weigh up to 1.1 kilograms (2.4 lb). This species is important as a food fish for local indigenous peoples.[1]

It's diet is mainly composed of phaeophytes, typically Ecklonia radiata, and rhodophytes. K. sydneyanus has a highly vascularised hing gut chamber, which is separated by a sphincter. This is where the majority of microbial fermentation occurs. The microbial fermentation allows the fish to properly digest phaeophytes. [2]

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Kyphosus sydneyanus" in FishBase. August 2013 version.
  2. ^ Skea, GL., Mountfort, DO., Clements, KD. Gut carbohydrases from the New Zealand marine herbivorous fishes Kyphosus sydneyanus (Kyphosidae), Aplodactylus arctidens (Aplodactylidae) and Odax pullus (Labridae)