Simpsonville, Kentucky

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Simpsonville, KY)
Jump to: navigation, search
City of Simpsonville
City
Nickname(s): American Saddlebred Horse Capital of the World
Location of Simpsonville in Shelby County, Kentucky.
Location of Simpsonville in Shelby County, Kentucky.
Coordinates: 38°13′6″N 85°21′11″W / 38.21833°N 85.35306°W / 38.21833; -85.35306Coordinates: 38°13′6″N 85°21′11″W / 38.21833°N 85.35306°W / 38.21833; -85.35306
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Shelby
Incorporated 1833[1]
Named for John Simpson
Government
 • Type City Commission
 • Mayor Steve Eden
Area
 • Total 2.2 sq mi (3.5 km2)
 • Land 2.2 sq mi (3.5 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 797 ft (243 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,484
 • Estimate (2016)[2] 2,751
 • Density 1,129.1/sq mi (709.7/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
ZIP code 40067
Area code(s) 502
FIPS code 21-70752
GNIS feature ID 0503542
Interstates I-64.svg
Website www.cityofsimpsonvilleky.com

Simpsonville is a home rule-class city[3] in Shelby County, Kentucky, in the United States. It is located 8 miles west of Shelbyville, Kentucky and 23 miles east of Louisville situated along U.S. 60.[4] The population was 2,484 during the 2010 U.S. Census.[5]

Early History[edit]

Old Stone Inn; June 2, 1940

Simpsonville was first laid out in 1816 and was incorporated in 1833. It was named in honor Captain John Simpson; a native Virginian who represented Shelby County in the Kentucky House of Representatives and died in the War of 1812. By 1825 it had become a stage coach town; one of the largest between Shelbyville and Louisville [4]. The Midland trail stagecoach would either swap out or rest their horses and travelers could stay at the Old Stone Inn. The second oldest stone building in the county which is still standing today[6].

For most of its history Simpsonville was an agrarian community which dairy, tobacco, cattle, and hogs being the primary source of income for most residents [4]. This was due to its remarkably fertile soil based on limestone and red clay [7]. Later on it would be the genesis for the town's moniker 'American Saddlebred Horse Capital of the World'[4].

Civil War[edit]

In January 1865 at least 80 members of Company E of the 5th United States Colored Cavalry where transporting 900 head of Federal cattle from Camp Nelson to a stock market in Louisville.[8] They setup camp in Simpsonville and on the morning of January 25 they were attacked by Confederate guerrillas believed to be led by Henry Magruder.[9] The guerrillas attacked from the rear killing 22 union soldiers and injuring over 20 more. Some of which were killed after trying to surrender.[10] The Union army camped in Louisville was indifferent to the ambush. Not responding for 3 days leaving the citizens of Simpsonville to care for the wounded.[11] The citizens of Simpsonville buried the dead in 2 mass graves that later became an African-American cemetery[10]. One of which is now marked with a memorial along U.S. 60.

Geography[edit]

Simpsonville is located at 38°13′6″N 85°21′11″W / 38.21833°N 85.35306°W / 38.21833; -85.35306 (38.218373, -85.353058).[12] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2), of which 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (1.50%) is water.

Education[edit]

Berea Hall, the main administrative and classroom building at the Lincoln Institute

Early in it's history Simpsonville had several one-room schools. By 1895 it had 4 private schools and it's first public high school (Simpsonville High School) was built in 1912.[4] In the following decades the high school was merged with Todd's Point in 1940[13] and Finchville High School in 1950.[14] The high school closed it's doors in 1958 when Shelby County decided to consolidate its school system and it became Simpsonville Elementary school.[4] Today Simpsonville is served by the Shelby County Public School system with it's residents attending Martha Layne Collins High School in Shelbyville. This is also one private that serves all grades; Corpus Christi Academy.[15]

Following the Civil War all Kentucky schools were segregated. Simpsonville's African-American children attended Simpsonville School and Lincoln Model School.[16] Simpsonville was also the site of the Lincoln Institute; a boarding school for African American founded in 1912. It was built by Berea College in response to the Day Law which forced segregation of all public and private educational facilities. It offered both high school and vocational training until 1966 when declining enrollment caused by Brown v. Board of Education forced it to close. Today the grounds serve as the Whitney M. Young, Jr. Job Corps Training Center.[17]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 77
1850 225
1860 169 −24.9%
1870 239 41.4%
1880 253 5.9%
1890 290 14.6%
1900 203 −30.0%
1910 185 −8.9%
1920 189 2.2%
1930 181 −4.2%
1940 220 21.5%
1950 247 12.3%
1960 220 −10.9%
1970 628 185.5%
1980 642 2.2%
1990 907 41.3%
2000 1,281 41.2%
2010 2,484 93.9%
Est. 2016 2,751 [2] 10.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[18]

As of the census[19] of 2010, there were 2,484 people, 935 households, and 672 families residing in the city. The population density was 980.9 people per square mile (377.6/km²). There were 935 housing units at an average density of 395.9 per square mile (152.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 89.89% White, 6.80% African American, 0.52% Native American, 2.09% Asian, 2.86% from other races, and 2.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.98% of the population.

There were 935 households out of which 40.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.1% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the city, the population was spread out with 30.6% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.3 years. For every 100 females there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $45,000, and the median income for a family was $52,560. Males had a median income of $34,688 versus $27,431 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,443. About 7.7% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land Office. "Simpsonville, Kentucky". Accessed 26 August 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Summary and Reference Guide to House Bill 331 City Classification Reform" (PDF). Kentucky League of Cities. Retrieved December 30, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Henninger, Hobie; Jelsma, Sherry (2003). "Chapter 2 Communities; Simpsonville". In Kleber, John. The New History of Shelby County, Kentucky. Harmony House Publishers. pp. 85–87. ISBN 978-1-564-69096-8. 
  5. ^ http://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/2010_place_list_21.txt
  6. ^ Carpenter, George Ann (2003). "Chapter 8 Transportation; Taverns". In Kleber, John. The New History of Shelby County, Kentucky. Harmony House Publishers. p. 384. ISBN 978-1-564-69096-8. 
  7. ^ Van Stockum Sr., R. R. (2003). "Chapter 2 Communities; Shelby County". In Kleber, John. The New History of Shelby County, Kentucky. Harmony House Publishers. p. 74. ISBN 978-1-564-69096-8. 
  8. ^ Sanders. "Simpsonville Massacre". explorekyhistory.ky.gov/. ExploreKYHistory. Retrieved July 14, 2017. 
  9. ^ Bummer (February 22, 2013). "Civil War Bummer". www.civilwarbummer.com/. Retrieved July 14, 2017. 
  10. ^ a b West, Joyce (August 11, 2015). "Honoring a Forgotten Chapter in Kentucky’s Civil War History". www.ket.org/. KET. Retrieved July 14, 2017. 
  11. ^ Glasser, Paul (February 3, 2009). "Simpsonville Civil War Massacre". www.armchairgeneral.com/. Retrieved July 14, 2017. 
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  13. ^ Long, Charles T. (2003). "Chapter 2 Communities; Todd's Point". In Kleber, John. The New History of Shelby County, Kentucky. Harmony House Publishers. p. 89. ISBN 978-1-564-69096-8. 
  14. ^ Long, Charles T. (2003). "Chapter 2 Communities; Finchville". In Kleber, John. The New History of Shelby County, Kentucky. Harmony House Publishers. p. 66. ISBN 978-1-564-69096-8. 
  15. ^ "School History". www.corpuschristiclassical.com/. Corpus Christi Classical Academy. Retrieved July 14, 2017. 
  16. ^ Collins, Kevin (2003). "Chapter 6 Education and Schools; African-American education". In Kleber, John. The New History of Shelby County, Kentucky. Harmony House Publishers. pp. 279–284. ISBN 978-1-564-69096-8. 
  17. ^ Talbot, Tim. "Simpsonville Massacre". explorekyhistory.ky.gov/. ExploreKYHistory. Retrieved July 14, 2017. 
  18. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  19. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2017-07-06. 

External links[edit]