In linguistics, a simulfix is a type of affix that changes one or more existing phonemes (usually vowels) in order to modify the meaning of a morpheme.
Examples of simulfixes in English are generally considered irregularities, all of which left over from pluralization rules that existed before the Great Vowel Shift. They include:
- man → men, woman → women
- louse → lice, mouse → mice
- foot → feet, tooth → teeth
The transfixes of the Semitic languages may be considered a form of discontinuous simulfix.
In Indonesian language, simulfix productively occurs in ngopi, nyapu, nyuci, nongkrong, macul as verbs from the base kopi, sapu, cuci, tongkrong, pacul as nouns.
- ^ "Simulfix". SIL Glossary of Linguistic Terms. 2015-12-03. Retrieved 2018-08-29.