Sinan (Arabic: سنان ) is a word found in Aramaic and Early Arabic, meaning spearhead  or perhaps spear. It is also possible that the name is derived from the Ancient Greek name Sinon. It was subsequently used as a male given name.
It may refer to:
- Sinon, warrior in Greek mythology who was involved in the Trojan Wars
- Mimar Sinan (c. 1490–1588), chief architect and civil engineer for three Ottoman sultans
- Khaled bin Sinan, pre-Islamic prophet
- Sinan ibn Thabit, Mandean physician, father of Ibrahim ibn Sinan
- Ibrahim ibn Sinan (908–946), mathematician and astronomer in Baghdad
- Rashid ad-Din Sinan (died ca. 1193), known as "Old Man of the Mountain", one of the leaders of the Hashshashin
- Atik Sinan (fl. 1471), "old Sinan", Ottoman architect
There were several prominent military and government officers referred to as Sinan Pasha in Ottoman history:
- Koca Sinan Pasha (1506–1596), Albanian born Grand Vizier, Ottoman military commander (pasha) and statesman
- Sinan Pasha (Ottoman admiral) (died 1553), in full Sinanüddin Yusuf Pasha, Kapudan Pasha (Grand Admiral) of the Ottoman Navy
- Hadım Sinan Pasha (died 1517), Ottoman grand vizier
- Sinan Reis (died 1546?), Sephardic Jewish Barbary corsair and lieutenant to Hayreddin Barbarossa
- Cigalazade Yusuf Sinan Pasha (c. 1545–1605), Ottoman statesman of Italian background
- Sinan-paša Sijerčić (died 1806), Bosniak Commander of the Ottoman Army
- Sinan Hasani (born 1922), Yugoslav politician
- Sinan Erdem (1927–2003), Turkish volleyball player and head of the Turkish National Olympic Committee
- Sinan Çetin (born 1953), Turkish actor, film director, and producer
- Sinan Savaskan (born 1954), Turkish-British classical music composer
- Sinan Sakić (born 1956), Serbian folk singer
- Sinan Alaağaç (1960–1985), Turkish footballer
- Sinan Erbil (born 1965), Turkmen singer
- Sinan Antoon (born 1967), Iraqi poet and novelist
- Sinan Akkuş (born 1971), Turkish-German actor, director, film producer and writer
- Sinan Şamil Sam (born 1974), Turkish-German boxer
- Sinan Demircioğlu (born 1975), Turkish footballer
- Sinan Tuzcu (born 1977), Turkish actor
- Sinan Akçıl (born 1980), Turkish pop composer and songwriter
- Sinan Cem Tanık (born 1980), Turkish volleyball player
- Sinan Kaloğlu (born 1981), Turkish footballer
- Sinan Sofuoğlu (1982–2008), Turkish motorcycle racer
- Sinan Güler (born 1983), Turkish basketball player
- Sinan Özkan (born 1986), Turkish footballer
- Sinan Ören (born 1987), Turkish footballer
- Sinan Bolat (born 1988), Turkish-Belgian footballer
- Sinan Gümüş (born 1994), Turkish-German footballer
- Sinan Kurumuş (born 1994), Turkish footballer
- Sinan Bytyqi (born 1995), Albanian-Austrian footballer
- Sinan Al Shabibi (born 1941), governor of the Central Bank of Iraq
- Hakan Karahan (born 1960), Turkish writer who uses pseudonym Sinan
- Sinan Kanatsiz, Turkish-American businessman
Buildings, institutions and places
- Sinan, Iran, a village in North Khorasan Province, Iran
- Mosque Katip Sinan Qelebi, in Prizren, Kosovo
- Sinan Pasha Mosque (Damascus)
- Sinan Pasha Mosque (Istanbul), built by one Sinan for another
- Mimar Sinan University of Fine Arts, Istanbul
- Sinan Erdem Dome, Istanbul
- Abu Sinan, local council in Israel
- Sinan, Yemen, village in San‘a’ Governorate
- Kalaat es Senam, town in Tunisia
- Sinan (crater), crater on Mercury (named after Mimar Sinan)
- Sinanjiang Dam in Yunnan, China
Chinese and Korean uses
The transliteration Sinan (unrelated to the Arabic above) may also refer to:
- Ha Sinan (哈思楠; b. 1992), female Chinese swimmer
- Sinan County, Guizhou (思南县), county of Tongren, Guizhou, China
- Sinan County, South Jeolla (신안군 / 新安郡), county of South Jeolla province, South Korea
- Sinan Jangdo High Moor, South Korea
- P. Marcel Kurpershoek (1995). The story of a desert knight: the legend of Šlēwīḥ al-ʻAṭāwī and other ʻUtaybah Heroes. Leiden: E.J. Brill. p. 382.
- J.M. Rogers (2006). Sinan. London: I.B. Taurus. p. 9.
- J. Milton Cowan (editor) (1994). Arabic-English Dictionary: The Hans Wehr Dictionary of Modern Arabic (fourth ed.). Ithaca, N. Y: Spoken Language Services Inc. p. 505.
- Salahuddin Ahmed (1999). A Dictionary of Muslim Names. London: Hurst & Company.
- S. A. Rahman (2001). A Dictionary of Muslim Names. New Delhi: Goodword Books.
- However, in a footnote Ahmed (1999) explains that سنان means: "'Spear's point, a name of high antiquity'. See Colebrook T. E. 'On the Proper Names of the Mohammadans', Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, XXI, p. 246 (1881)." The connotation thus likely suggests a spearhead: the spear's point—its head.
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