A single-vehicle collision or single-vehicle accident is a type of road traffic collision in which only the one vehicle is involved. Included in this category are run-off-road collisions, collisions with fallen rocks or debris in the road, rollover crashes within the roadway, and collisions with animals.
The term single-vehicle collision is not generally used unless the rider or driver and passengers of the vehicle are the only ones injured. Crashes with only one motor-vehicle where bystanders (such as pedestrians or bicyclists) are injured are not usually referred to as "single-vehicle," although technically the term does apply.
The normal inference is that the cause is operator error (although operator error is also the cause of most crashes). Common factors contributing to single-vehicle collisions include excessive speed, driver fatigue and driving under the influence of alcohol or other drugs. Environmental and roadway factors can also contribute to single-vehicle crashes. These include inclement weather, poor drainage, narrow lanes and shoulders, insufficient curve banking and sharp curves. Some vehicles have unpredictable car handling characteristics or defects, which can increase the potential for a single-vehicle collision.
- Walker Smith, Bryant. "Human Error as a Cause of Vehicle Crashes". Center for Internet and Society. Stanford Law School. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
- "The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration conservatively estimates that 100,000 police-reported crashes are the direct result of driver fatigue each year. This results in an estimated 1,550 deaths, 71,000 injuries, and $12.5 billion in monetary losses". drowsydriving.org. Retrieved 2012-07-26.
- Cohen, Sidney (1985). The substance abuse problems. 2. New York and Binghamton: Haworth Press. p. 112. ISBN 0-86656-368-7. Retrieved 14 Apr 2009.
- Neuman, Timothy (2003). NCHRP Report 500, Volume 6: A Guide for Addressing Run-Off-Road Collisions (PDF). Washington, D.C.: Transportation Research Board. ISBN 0-309-08760-0.
- Noel Baker (November 21, 2013). "10% of single vehicle crashes are 'suicide bids'". Irish Examiner. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
- Peck, Dennis L.; Warner, Kenneth (Summer 1995). "Accident or Suicide? Single-Vehicle Car Accidents and the Intent Hypothesis". Adolescence. Libra Publishers. 30 (118): 463–72. ISSN 0001-8449. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
|This automobile-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|