Single Table Inheritance

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Single table inheritance is a way to emulate object-oriented inheritance in a relational database. When mapping from a database table to an object in an object-oriented language, a field in the database identifies what class in the hierarchy the object belongs to.[1] All fields of all the classes are stored in the same table, hence the name "Single Table Inheritance". In Ruby on Rails the field in the table called 'type' identifies the name of the class. In Hibernate (Java) and Entity Framework this pattern is called Table-Per-Class-Hierarchy and Table-Per-Hierarchy (TPH) respectively.,[2][3] and the column containing the class name is called the Discriminator column.

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  1. ^ Fowler, Martin (2003). Patterns of Enterprise Application Architecture. The Addison-Wesley Signature Series. Contributions by Dave Rice, Matthew Foemmel, Edward Hieatt, Robert Mee, and Randy Stafford. Addison-Wesley. p. 278. ISBN 0-321-12742-0.
  2. ^ "Tutorial: Implement Inheritance with EF in an ASP.NET MVC 5 app". January 21, 2019. Retrieved November 3, 2015.
  3. ^ King, Gavin; Bauer, Christian; Andersen, Max Rydahl; Bernard, Emmanuel; Ebersole, Steve (September 15, 2010). "Chapter 9. Inheritance mapping". HIBERNATE - Relational Persistence for Idiomatic Java. Graphics design by James Cobb and Cheyenne Weaver (Version 3.5.6-Final ed.). Retrieved November 3, 2015.

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