Sinnamary

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Sinnamary
Sinnamary.jpg
Location of the commune (in red) within French Guiana
Location of the commune (in red) within French Guiana
Location of Sinnamary
Coordinates: 5°22′39″N 52°57′35″W / 5.3774°N 52.9596°W / 5.3774; -52.9596Coordinates: 5°22′39″N 52°57′35″W / 5.3774°N 52.9596°W / 5.3774; -52.9596
CountryFrance
Overseas region and departmentFrench Guiana
ArrondissementCayenne
IntercommunalityCC des Savanes
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Michel-Ange Jeremie[1]
Area
1
1,340 km2 (520 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
2,895
 • Density2.2/km2 (5.6/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−03:00
INSEE/Postal code
97312 /97315
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Sinnamary is a town and commune on the coast of French Guiana, between Kourou and Iracoubo. Sinnamary was the second French settlement founded in French Guiana: the town was founded in 1664.[3]

It lies on the Sinnamary River. The town contains an Indonesian community,[4] as well as a Galibi Amerindian community.[5] Both communities produce artwork and jewellery that can be purchased.[4] The main hotel in Sinnamary is the Hôtel du Fleuve.[6]

History[edit]

Galileo launch (2011)

The first colonists arrived in the area in 1624,[5] however town of Sinnamary was officially established in 1664.[3] Sinnamary was taken twice by the Dutch, and once by the British,[5] until in 1763, it was awarded to France by the Treaty of Paris.[7] In 1792 during the French Revolution, the first prison for priests and political enemies opened in Sinnamary[8] which was a precursor of the penal colony of French Guiana.[9] After Napoleon reintroduced slavery in 1802,[10] the town started to grow, and the discovery of gold caused a second boom.[5]

The Guianan Soyuz launch site is situated within the territory of the Sinnamary commune.[11] Colloquially the site and/or project are thus sometimes called "Soyuz at Sinnamary".[12] However, because most other facilities of the Centre Spatial Guyanais are in the neighbouring and more populous Kourou commune, and because the entire CSG itself is thus often called the Kourou space centre, the Guianan Soyuz site/project is also occasionally called "Soyuz at Kourou", even though this is technically incorrect.

Transport[edit]

Sinnamary can be reached by the National Route 1 between Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni and Cayenne.[13]

Sinnamary is served by the Sinnamary Airport.[14]

Nature[edit]

Crique et Pripri Yiyi is a 284 square kilometres (110 sq mi) protected area and wetland located in the commune.[15]

Sports[edit]

The town is home to US Sinnamary who play at the Stade Omnisports which has a capacity of 2,500 people.[16]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ a b "The journal of Lourens Lourenszoon and his 1618-1625 stay among the Arocouros on the lower Cassiporé River, northern Amapá Sate, Brazil". Scientific Electronic Library Online. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Sinnamary Around". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d "Sinnamary". Petit Futé (in French). Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  6. ^ "Coronavirus : l'Hôtel Du Fleuve à Sinnamary devenu bâtiment fantôme". Guyane la 1ère (in French). Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  7. ^ "Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana: a guide for beginners". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  8. ^ "French Revolution". Catholic Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2 June 2020.
  9. ^ "The Story of the world's most infamous penal system ever". History is Now Magazine. Retrieved 2 June 2020.
  10. ^ "Bullet Point #9 – Why did Napoleon bring back slavery?". Napoleon.org. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  11. ^ "L'ensemble de lancement Soyouz". Centre Spatial Guyanais (in French). Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  12. ^ "Inicios prometedores del cohete Soyuz lejos de Rusia para lanzar Galileo". El Comercio (in Spanish). Retrieved 1 June 2020. Ecuadorian newspaper using "Soyez en Sinnamary"
  13. ^ "Déviation routière de la RNl Contoumement Sud-Ouest de Sinnamary (Guyane Française)" (PDF). Info Terre BRGM (in French). June 1993. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  14. ^ "Sinnamary Airport". Airport Guide. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  15. ^ "FR1100390 - Crique Et Pripri Yiyi". Inventaire National du Patrimoine Naturel (in French). Retrieved 17 March 2021.
  16. ^ "US Sinnamary". int.soccerway. Retrieved 3 June 2020.
  17. ^ "Jean-Claude Darcheville". L'Equipe (in French). Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  18. ^ "Marvin Torvic". Sport.de (in German). Retrieved 10 February 2021.

External links[edit]