Sinuiju Chongnyon Station
View of Sinŭiju Ch'ŏngnyŏn station of the platform area.
|Owned by||Korean State Railway|
|Platforms||3 (2 island platforms)|
The station is the main recipient for overland traffic between North Korea and the People's Republic of China, and is one of the country's most important rail stations, as it controls access to the Chinese city of Dandong over the Yalu River, via the Sino-Korean Friendship Bridge.
Adjacent to the station is a locomotive maintenance depot.
The Kyŏngŭi Line was opened on 3 April 1906, and general passenger and freight service began on 1 April 1908. The original station was located at what is now Kang'an Station, 1.8 km (1.1 mi) to the northwest of the current Sinŭiju Ch'ŏngnyŏn station, but after the opening of the Yalu River Bridge connecting the Kyŏngŭi Line to the South Manchuria Railway's Anpo Line, the Chosen Government Railway opened a new station at the current site. The old station was then renamed Lower Sinŭiju Station. On 1 June 1936, Lower Sinŭiju station was renamed Sinŭiju Kang'an Station, and the 1.8 km (1.1 mi) line from Sinŭiju Station to Sinŭiju Kang'an Station was detached from the Kyŏngŭi Line to become the Kang'an Line. Passenger service on the Kang'an Line was discontinued on 31 March 1943, with general (public) freight traffic being relocated from Sinŭiju Kang'an to Sinŭiju station on 20 December of that year.
The original three-story European style building was destroyed by UN forces in the Korean War, and the station was rebuilt after the war; it received the current name at the same time, in honour of the Youth Shock Troops who took part in the reconstruction of the station.
Map of Andong (Dandong) and Sinuiju, c. 1930.
Aerial bombing of the Yalu River bridges in 1950.
The current Sino-Korean Friendship Bridge next to the ruins of the old bridge.
- Kokubu, Hayato, 将軍様の鉄道 (Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō), ISBN 978-4-10-303731-6
- 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Meiji, 24 November 1911
- 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa Nr. 2785, 28 April 1936
- 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa Nr. 4845, 29 March 1943
- 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa Nr. 5065, 20 December 1943