Sir Henry Johnson, 1st Baronet

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Sir Henry Johnson, 1st Baronet
Born 1 January 1748
Dublin, Kingdom of Ireland
Died 18 March 1835
Bath
Allegiance  Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch  British Army
Rank Major-General
Battles/wars American War of Independence
French Revolutionary Wars

Major-General Sir Henry Johnson, 1st Baronet, GCB (1 January 1748 – 18 March 1835) was an Anglo-Irish general in the British Army.

Life[edit]

He was the second son of Allen Johnson of Kilternan, County Dublin, and his wife Olivia, daughter of John Walsh of Ballykilcavan, Queen's County. His elder brother, John Allen Johnson-Walsh, was created a baronet in 1775.[1] He was appointed ensign on 19 February 1761 in the 28th foot, in which he became lieutenant in 1762, and captain in 1763, and is stated to have served with the regiment (probably in the West Indies) during that time. He became major in the 28th in 1775, went to America, and was posted by Sir William Howe to one of the provisional battalions of light infantry, which he commanded in the campaigns of 1776–8. He was appointed lieutenant-colonel 17th foot on 8 October 1778, and commanded that regiment in the operations in the Jerseys, and afterwards in Virginia and Carolina, under Lord Cornwallis. On the surrender at York Town in October 1781, he returned home and remained unemployed until the peace. He subsequently commanded the 17th foot in Nova Scotia and Newfoundland. At the commencement of the war with France he was appointed inspector-general of recruiting for the English establishment in Ireland, and held the post until 1798. During the rebellion in that year he was detached with three thousand men to occupy New Ross, and defeated the rebels when they attacked the place on 5 June 1798. It was the hardest fight during the rebellion.[2] Lord Cornwallis had an indifferent opinion of Johnson, and wrote of him as "a wrong-headed blockhead".[3] Johnson was made colonel 81st foot in 1798, became a lieutenant-general in 1799, and governor of Ross Castle in 1801. He held a major general's command in Ireland from 1798 to 1803, became a full general in 1809, was created a baronet on 1 December 1818,[4] and in 1819 was transferred to the colonelcy of the 5th foot. He died on 18 March 1835, at the age of eighty-seven, at Bath, where there is a masonic monument to him in the Abbey Church.

Johnson married in 1782 Rebecca Franks, daughter of David Franks of Philadelphia, and sister of John Franks of Isleworth, Middlesex, by whom he had a family. She died in 1823. The eldest son, Henry Allen Johnson (1785–1860), who was student of Christ Church, Oxford, from 1804 to 1817,[5] and afterwards aide-de-camp to the Prince of Orange, succeeded as second baronet.

References[edit]

  • Foster's Baronetage under "Johnson-Walsh" and "Johnson of Bath"
  • Philippart's Royal Military Calendar, 1820, vol. i. under "Johnson, Sir Henry" and under "Steuart, Sir James", for particulars of operations in Ireland in 1798.
  1. ^ George Edward Cokayne, The Complete Baronetage, vol. 5, p. 383 (Exeter 1906)
  2. ^ Lecky, History of England, vol. viii.
  3. ^ Cornwallis Correspondence, iii. 116
  4. ^ "No. 17404". The London Gazette. 3 October 1818. p. 1767. 
  5. ^ Joseph Foster, Alumni Oxonienses Later Series, E-K, p. 756

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainLee, Sidney, ed. (1892). "Johnson, Henry (1748-1835)". Dictionary of National Biography. 30. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 

Military offices
Preceded by
John Graves Simcoe
Colonel of the 81st Regiment of Foot
1798–1819
Succeeded by
Sir James Kempt
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Bath)
1818–1835
Succeeded by
Henry Allen Johnson