Lyonel Tollemache

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Sir
Lyonel Tollemache
Ham House, London.jpg
Ham House, Richmond, London
Born Lyonel Felix Carteret Eugene Tollemache
(1854-01-15)15 January 1854
Grantham
Died 4 March 1952(1952-03-04) (aged 98)
Ham, London
Alma mater Jesus College, Cambridge
Title 4th Baronet of Hanby Hall
Predecessor William Tollemache, 9th Earl of Dysart
Spouse(s) Hersilia Henrietta Diana Oliphant Collingwood (m. 1881)
Children Cecil Lyonel Newcomen Tollemache, 5th Baronet
Parent(s) Ralph Tollemache

Sir Lyonel Felix Carteret Eugene Tollemache, 4th Baronet (15 January 1854 – 4 March 1952) was an English landowner.

Early life and family[edit]

Born in South Witham near Grantham, Lincolnshire, Lyonel was the eldest son of Reverend Ralph Tollemache and his first wife and cousin, Caroline Tollemache. Ralph was noted for the increasingly eccentric names given to his numerous offspring.

Lyonel graduated from Jesus College, Cambridge.[1] He married Hersilia Henrietta Diana Oliphant (or Collingwood) in 1881 and they had three daughters and three sons, all born in Eastbourne;

Baronetage[edit]

On the death of his second cousin, William Tollemache, 9th Earl of Dysart, 3rd Baronet Lyonel succeeded to the Baronetage in 1935 at the age of 81. He inherited Dysarts' holding in Buckminster estate and the entirety of Ham House with the surrounding land and property in Petersham, Ham and Canbury and the gravel works at Ham. Lyonel and his middle-aged bachelor son, Cecil, moved into Ham House. The Dysart title and other estates were passed to Dysart's niece, Wenefryde Scott.[6]

World War II[edit]

The father and son duo increasingly struggled to maintain Ham House, especially as the outbreak of war reduced the availability of labour. The nearby Leyland military vehicle and munitions factory was a local target and bombs fell near the house.[7] Tollemache moved most of the valuable furniture and art works from the house to the country for safe keeping. The family deeds and papers, some dating back to the 14th-century, were placed in deep vaults in Chancery Lane. Although they survived the Blitz, they were damaged by flooding from fire-hoses and were thought to have been destroyed.[6] Many were recovered from the Ham House Stables in 1953 and transferred to The National Archives.[8]

Post-war[edit]

Funerary monument, St Peter's Church, Petersham
Funerary monument, St Peter's Church, Petersham
Funerary monument, St Peter's Church, Petersham

After the war, in 1948, Lyonel and his son donated Ham House and its gardens to the National Trust, a plan that had been under consideration since James Lees-Milne's visit in March 1943.[9] Lyonel and his son moved to Langham House on Ham Common, one of the many Tollemache properties in the area.[6] In 1949, Buckminster Estates Ltd, the Tollemache's company established in 1936, sold the remaining Tollemache interests in the area by auction in 124 lots comprising 350 acres (140 ha) land, 41 residences, 99 cottages, a farm, 4 shops, 2 licensed premises, freehold ground rents and building plots and the sand and gravel works. Lyonel remained in Langham House, Ham until his death in 1952.[6] Hersilia died in 1953.[10] The baronetage passed to Cecil, and, on his death, to youngest son, Humphrey. He is buried at St Peter's Church, Petersham.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Sir Lyonel Felix Carteret Eugene Tollemache, 4th Bt". Retrieved 18 March 2014.  [self-published source][better source needed] (citing Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage. III (107 ed.). Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books). p. 3910. )
  2. ^ "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 18 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 18 March 2014. 
  4. ^ "Casualty Details: John Eadred Tollemache". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 18 March 2014. 
  5. ^ "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 18 March 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c d Pritchard, Evelyn (2007). Ham House and its owners through five centuries 1610-2006. Richmond Local History Society. pp. 63–65. ISBN 9781955071727. 
  7. ^ "Bomb Sight - Mapping the World War 2 London Blitz Bomb Census". Retrieved 18 March 2014. 
  8. ^ "Estates of the Tollemache family of Ham House in Kingston upon Thames, Ham, Petersham and elsewhere: records, 14th century-1945". Retrieved 18 March 2014. 
  9. ^ Derdiger, Paula Michelle (28 August 2012). “How Shall We Build?”: Fiction and Housing in Postwar Britain (PDF) (Thesis). Department of English, McGill University, Montreal. p. 92. 
  10. ^ "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 19 March 2014. 
Baronetage of Great Britain
Preceded by
William Tollemache
Baronet
(of Hanby Hall)
1935–1952
Succeeded by
Cecil Tollemache