Slovak Air Force (1939–45)

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This is an old revision of this page, as edited by Jgs6040 (talk | contribs) at 02:30, 27 November 2008 (Slovenske vzdusne zbrane never used Avia B-135 planes. Only Bulgarian Air Force used them. Only twelve were build. Source: Vaclav Nemecek: Ceskoslovenska letadla 1 1983 pp 135-136). The present address (URL) is a permanent link to this revision, which may differ significantly from the current revision.

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World War II Slovak Aircraft marking

The Slovenské vzdušné zbrane ("Slovak Air Force") (SVZ) was the air force of the short-lived World War II Slovak Republic. Its mission was to provide air support at fronts, and to protect Bratislava and metropolitan areas against enemy air strikes. These units supported Axis Powers offensives in Ukraine and Russian Central front under the lead of Luftwaffe in the Stalingrad and Caucasus operations.

One of their first air battles was during the Hungarian reoccupation of the Carpatho-Ruthenia area on March 1939 (see Slovak-Hungarian War), in which they suffered some losses against Magyar Királyi Honvéd Légierö (Hungarian Air Force). They also participated in the Polish Campaign on September 1939. For the rest of the war, Slovakian A.F. confronted USAAF and RAF during their raids against the country. The engagement in the Eastern Front resulted in great losses of aircraft and personnel.

The symbol of the Slovakian air force was a white-blue with red circle cross on tail and wings amongst yellow paint in engine cover and vertical line in fuselage.

The aircraft for training was supplied by Germany and Italy. To defend Slovak air space, the air force used Messerschmitt 109 (E and G types), Avia B-534, and some other interceptor types. It was also helped by Luftwaffe units active in the area.

When Romanians and Russians entered Slovakia, with some captured aircraft and defectors they organized local Insurgent Air Force to continue their fight against Axis forces in country, others served voluntarily Luftwaffe units; later these air units were integrated to National Air Force after the end of the war.

Distinguished Slovak Air Aces

  • Ján Režňák
  • Izidor Kovárik
  • Ján Gerthofer
  • František Cyprich
  • František Brezina
  • Anton Matúšek
  • Jozef Štauder
  • Pavol Zeleňák
  • Rudolf Božík
  • Vladimír Kriško
  • Alexander Gerič
  • Jozef Jančovič
  • František Hanovec
  • Rudolf Palatický
  • Štefan Martiš
  • Juraj Puškár
  • Štefan Ocvirk
  • Ondrej Ďumbala
  • Jozef Drlička
  • Martin Danihel
  • Ivan Kocka

Units of Slovak Air Force

  • 1st unit of Stíhacia letka (fighter unit), Slovenské vzdušné zbrane, air unit to support the Slovakian forces in Russia, Zhytomyr-Kiev, Ukraine, October 1941.

Local Government and Private Aircraft Companies

  • Avia
  • Acro
  • Aero
  • Letov
  • Benes-Mraz
  • Praga
  • Zlin
  • Ceskomoravska-Kolben-Danek (CKD)
  • Mraz
  • Walter

Aircraft constructed under foreign license

  • Arado Ar 96B (10,000 examples by Arado,Avia and Letov)
  • Arado Ar 396 (5 examples by Arado and Letov)
  • Bloch BM 200 (124 examples by Aero and Avia)
  • Bucker Bu 131 Jungmann (by Aero)
  • Bucker Bu 133 Jungmeister (by Aero)
  • Bucker Bu 181 Bestmann (180 examples by Zlin)
  • DFS 230A/B (410 examples by Mraz)
  • Fieseler Fi 156 Storch (150 examples by Mraz)
  • Focke-Wulf Fw 189 Uhu (337 examples by Aero)
  • Junkers Ju 290A (18 examples by Letov)
  • Siebel Fh 104 Hallore (by Aero)
  • Siebel Si 204A (by Aero)
  • Tupolev SB-2(B-71) (111 examples by Avia and Acro)
  • Potez 633 C3 (project to manufactured by Avia,none constructed)

Aircraft of Slovak Air Force

External links