Smaranda Brăescu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Smaranda Brăescu
Smaranda Braescu.jpg
Born(1897-07-24)July 24, 1897
Hânţeşti, Buciumeni commune, Covurlui County (now Galați County), Romania
DiedFebruary 2, 1948
Known forEarly world records in parachuting

Smaranda Brăescu (May 21, 1897 – February 2, 1948) was a Romanian parachuting and aviation pioneer, former multiple world record holder. Her achievements earned her the nickname "Queen of the Heights".[1]

In 1928, she became the first Romanian woman to ever obtain a parachuting license (receiving it in Berlin, Germany),[1][2] and one of the first women in the world to do so.[3][4]

On October 2, 1931, Brăescu set women's world record for highest parachute jump (from around 6000 meters or 20700 feet), landing in the Bărăgan Plain, Romania.[1][5][6]

On May 19, 1932, Smaranda Brăescu sets the absolute world record for highest parachute jump (from 6929 meters or 22733 feet), in Sacramento, California. It was homologated by the Aero Club of Washington. She surpassed the previous record by 476 m.[6][7][8]

On October 8, 1932, Brăescu obtained her private pilot's license in the United States, becoming the first European woman to receive an American pilot's license.[6][4]


She was born in the village of Hânţeşti, Buciumeni commune, in the present-day Galați County. After World War I she worked as a substitute teacher in her native village.

In 1918, she flew for the first time in a Farman plane piloted by Captain Dumitru Naidinescu. In 1928, while in Germany, she bought a parachute, and jumped for the first time from a 6000 m height, becoming the first female Romanian parachutist. She got her parachuting license in Germany, on July 5, 1928, after a two days course and a jumping without incidents. Thanks to her, Romania is the third country in the world with a female parachutist. On August 17, 1930, at Satu-Mare, after a parachute jumping, she was seriously injured and remained bedridden for six months. She owned two biplanes. In 1932, in her Miles Hawk, she established the record crossing the Mediterranean Sea between Rome and Tripoli (1100 km in 6 hours and 10 minutes). In the same year, in the United States, in Sacramento, California, Braescu establishes an absolute world record, previously held by an American at 21,733 ft, by jumping successfully from 24,000 ft (7,200m). From then on, she becomes a heroine, being escorted by 30 other planes to an air show in Canada, where she is invited. She was in the medical wing during battles on the Eastern Front in World War II, remaining active until May 12, 1945. After World War II, she signed a document condemning the November 1946 election, and was sent to prison for two years. It is believed she died on February 2, 1948, and is possibly buried in the Central Cemetery in Cluj, under the name of Maria Popescu.

A street in Bucharest and the 603rd Paratroopers Battalion of the 6th Special Operations Brigade are named after her.

(Substantial parts of this article were taken from selected sentences from automatic translations from the Romanian Wiki, and from the Avram reference.)


  1. ^ a b c
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ a b Femei celebre din România, p. 309, at Google Books
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b c
  7. ^ Smaranda Braescu sets a new 24,000 foot record for high altitude parachute jumpin on YouTube
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-29. Retrieved 2014-12-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)