Gymnammodytes cicerelus

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Gymnammodytes cicerelus
Gymnammodytes cicerelus.jpg
School of Gymnammodytes cicerellus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Ammodytidae
Genus: Gymnammodytes
Species: G. cicerelus
Binomial name
Gymnammodytes cicerelus
(Rafinesque, 1810)[1]
  • Ammodytes argenteus Risso, 1827
  • Ammodytes cicerelus Rafinesque, 1810
  • Ammodytes siculus Swainson, 1839
  • Ammodytes terebrans Cisternas, 1875
  • Ammodytes tobianus Risso, 1810 non Linnaeus, 1758

Gymnammodytes cicerelus, also known as Mediterranean sand eel, sonso[2] in Catalan, and barrinaire or enfú in Menorca,[3] is a fish in the Ammodytidae family. It is the only species of this family in the Mediterranean Sea.[4]

Its maximum size is 17 cm. It is highly appreciated as food in certain areas of Italy, as well as in Catalan cuisine where it is fried after being lightly coated in batter.



  1. ^ BioLib
  2. ^ Sonso - Departament d'Agricultura, Alimentació i Acció Rural
  3. ^ Mas Ferrà, Xavier i Canyelles Ferrà, Xavier: Peixos de les Illes Balears. Editorial Moll, Palma de Mallorca, 2000. Manuals d'introducció a la naturalesa, 13. ISBN 84-273-6013-4. Planes 213-214.
  4. ^ FishBase (in English)
  • Rafinesque, C. S. Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della sicilia, con varie osservazioni sopra i medisimi. 1810. (Part 1 involves fishes, pp. [i-iv] 3-69 [70 blank], Part 2 with slightly different title, pp. ia-iva + 71-105 [106 blank]). Caratteri. Pls. 1-20.

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