Since before British rule, the Socotra had been part of Mahra Sultanate, and remained so after Mahra became part of Aden Protectorate. With independence of South Yemen in 1967, the archipelago was attached to Aden Governorate, despite its distance. In 2004, it was moved to Hadramaut Governorate. Since December 2013, it has been a governorate of its own.
- Hidaybu District (eastern part of Socotra Island)
- Qulensya Wa Abd Al Kuri District (western part of Socotra Island, Abd al-Kuri island, others)
- Abulohoom, Ali (29 October 2013). "INDEPENDENT SOCOTRA GOVERNORATE: PAVING THE WAY FOR A FEDERAL YEMEN OR A HINT AT SEPARATION?". Yemen Times. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
- Yaseen, Mohammad (14 May 2014). "Socotra, promising tourist site facing challenges". Saba News Agency. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
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