Soul Makossa

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"Soul Makossa"
Manu Dibango Soul Makossa album cover.jpg
Single by Manu Dibango
from the album Soul Makossa
A-side"Hymne de la 8e Coupe d'Afrique des Nations"[1] (original)
B-side"Lily" (reissue)
Released1972
Recorded1971
Genre
Length4:30 (original non-edited version)
LabelFiesta Records (France)
Atlantic Records (US)
London Records (UK/Canada)
BorderBlaster (Europe)
Songwriter(s)Manu Dibango
Manu Dibango singles chronology
"Soul Makossa"
(1972)
"Pêpê Soup"
(1973)
TV performance
"Soul Makossa" (ORTF, 1973) on YouTube

"Soul Makossa"[2] is a song released as a single in 1972 by Cameroon saxophonist and songwriter Manu Dibango. It was originally recorded as the B-side for "Hymne de la 8e Coupe d'Afrique des Nations", a song celebrating the Cameroon national football team's accession to the quarterfinals of the Africa Cup of Nations football tournament, as well as Cameroon's hosting the games for the first time; the lyrics were written by Cameroonian poet and musicologist S.M. Eno Belinga. Except for some words in English, it was written in Duala, a native dialect continuum from Cameroon. Manu Dibango later recorded a new version for his 1994 album Wakafrika, titled "Mouvement Ewondo".[3]

In 1972, David Mancuso found a copy in a Brooklyn West Indian record store and often played it at his parties at The Loft.[4] The response was so positive that the few copies of "Soul Makossa" in New York City were quickly purchased.[4] The song was subsequently played heavily by Frankie Crocker, who deejayed at WBLS, then New York's most popular black radio station.[4] Since the original release was so obscure, at least 23 groups quickly released cover versions to capitalize on the demand for the record.[4]

Later in 1972, American-based Atlantic Records licensed the original Manu Dibango version from French record label Fiesta, and released it as a single (with the B-side track being "Lily"). The single peaked at number 35 on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart in 1973; Dibango's original version of the song and a cover by Afrique were on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart at the same time.[4][5][3] The song also became an international hit leading to even more cover versions by various groups around the world.[3]

The song is probably best known for the chanted vocal refrain "ma-ma-ko, ma-ma-sa, ma-ko ma-ko-sa", which was adapted and used in songs by many prominent artists, such as Michael Jackson's "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'" from his album Thriller (1982) and Rihanna's hit single "Don't Stop the Music" from Good Girl Gone Bad (2007).

In 2011, a second version of the song titled "Soul Makossa 2.0" was recorded in France by Manu Dibango and Wayne Beckford and was issued as the first single from Dibango's album, Past Present Future. Les Nubians also featured their own version of "Soul Makossa" entitled "Nü Soul Makossa (featuring Manu Dibango)" on their 2011 album Nü Revolution.

Michael Jackson/Rihanna lawsuit[edit]

Rihanna's 2007 hit single "Don't Stop the Music" uses samples from Michael Jackson's 1983 single "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'". In February 2009, Dibango filed a lawsuit against the two singers, claiming that both songs stole their "mama-say mama-sa mama-ko-sa" hook from "Soul Makossa" without permission. According to Agence France-Presse, Jackson admitted that he borrowed the line for "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'" and settled out of court. When Rihanna asked Jackson in 2007 for permission to sample the line, he allegedly approved the request without contacting Dibango beforehand. Dibango's attorneys brought the case before a court in Paris, demanding 500,000 in damages and for Sony BMG, EMI and Warner Music to be "barred from receiving 'mama-say mama-sa'-related income until the matter is resolved".[6] However, the court in Paris rejected his motion as being illegitimate due to him successfully applying for his name being listed on Rihanna’s releases of the song a year earlier. The court in Paris ruled that with this agreement the African artist abdicated from any further claims.[7]

1973 US single[edit]

Track listing[edit]

  1. "Soul Makossa" – 4:30
  2. "Lily" – 3:02

Personnel[edit]

  • Manu Dibango – writer, arranger, vocals, saxophone
  • Georges Arvanitas – piano
  • Patrice Galas – piano
  • Joby Jobs – drums
  • Manfred Long – bass guitar
  • Freddy Mars – percussion
  • Manu Rodanet – electric guitar
  • Pierre Zogo – acoustic guitar

Charts[edit]

Chart (1973) Peak
position
Australian (Kent Music Report) 26[8]
France SNEP Charts[9] 17
US Billboard Hot 100[10] 35
US Billboard Hot Soul Singles[11] 21

Adaptations and samples[edit]

The song's refrain consists of the phrase "ma-mako, ma-ma-sa, mako-mako ssa", which is a play on the word "Makossa", Dibango's main music genre. After the popularization of the song, the phrase was adapted and used in several popular songs including the following:[12][13][14]

Cover versions[edit]

  • The Gaytones (1972) - "Club Africa" - 1999
  • Catelli Trinidad All Stars Steel Orchestra (Village)
  • Fania All Stars Live San Juan 73[15](Fania, 2009)
  • Guerra '78 (Discolando)
  • Jablonski (Randy's)
  • Babatunde Olatunji (Paramount, 1973)
  • Lafayette Afro Rock Band (Musidisc, 1973)
  • Afrique (Mainstream Records, 1973)
  • All Dyrections (Buddah Records, 1973)
  • Nairobi Afro Band (Town Hall Records, 1973)
  • Simon Kenyatta Troupe (Avco Embassy Records, 1973)
  • Mighty Tom Cats (Paul Winley) (pirated version; identical to DiBango's original)
  • Pop Highlife Band (Makossa)
  • Saviñon, Victor (Oro Disco)
  • The Afrosound (Discos Fuentes, 1973)
  • Zamot, Johnny (Mericana)
  • Afrika Bambaataa (Tommy Boy, 2004)
  • Yolanda Be Cool and DCUP, 2015 [16]
  • Pino Presti - "To Africa / Soul Makossa" (Best Record, 2017) [17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Original 45rpm record". 45cat.com.
  2. ^ "Manu Dibango discography". Discogs.com.
  3. ^ a b c Broughton, Simon; Ellingham, Mark (2000). World Music: The Rough Guide. Rough Guides. p. 441.
  4. ^ a b c d e Shapiro, Peter (2005). Turn the Beat Around: the Secret History of Disco. New York: Faber and Faber, Inc. p. 35.
  5. ^ Marsh, Dave (1999). The Heart of Rock and Soul: The 1001 Greatest Singles Ever Made. Da Capo Press. p. 548.
  6. ^ Michaels, Sean (4 February 2009). "Rihanna and Michael Jackson sued by African singer". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
  7. ^ "Cameroon musician Manu Dibango failed with his court case against Michael Jackson and Rihanna". Deutsche Presse Agentur. 26 February 2009.
  8. ^ Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (illustrated ed.). St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 88. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
  9. ^ "Les classements des titres par artistes (lettre "D")". InfoDisc. Archived from the original on 19 May 2013. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  10. ^ "Manu Dibango Chart History: Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  11. ^ "Manu Dibango Chart History: Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs". Billboard. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  12. ^ "Manu Dibango Music Sampled By Others". WhoSampled. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
  13. ^ Ethan Hein. ""Soul Makossa" Sample Map". Retrieved 25 June 2011 – via Flickr.
  14. ^ Ben Zimmer (26 June 2009). "Ma ma se, ma ma sa, ma ma coo sa". Language Log. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
  15. ^ Amazon
  16. ^ "Soul Makoussa (Money) - single". iTunes Australia. 16 May 2015.
  17. ^ "To Africa/ Soul Makossa - single". iTunes US. 9 May 2017.

External links[edit]