South Cheyenne Cañon
South Cheyenne Cañon, or South Cheyenne Canyon, is a canyon in Colorado Springs, El Paso County, Colorado. The South Cheyenne Cañon road to Seven Falls is called "The Grandest Mile of Scenery" in Colorado. Seven Falls has been a tourist attraction since it was opened in the early 1880s. Trails from the top of the falls lead to Midnight Falls, near the headwaters of South Cheyenne Creek, and Inspiration Point. The area has been a center for parks, such as the Stratton Park and Colorado College Park. Now, part of South Cheyenne Cañon, including the Starsmore Discovery Center, is in the North Cheyenne Cañon Park. The area sustained a significant flood in September 2013, which has closed Seven Falls until Spring 2015.
The entrance to South Cheyenne Cañon is about 4.5 miles (7.2 km) southwest of downtown Colorado Springs, where Cheyenne Cañon, along Cheyenne Boulevard, splits into the north and south cañons. Pierre Shale, the bedrock for Colorado Springs, and Sawatch Sandstone are found at the mouth of North and South Cheyenne Canons.
Nathaniel Colby homesteaded 160 acres in South Cheyenne Cañon, including Seven Falls in December 1872. He sold the land rights within a year for $1,000 (equivalent to $20,914 in 2018) to the Colorado Springs Land Company. In 1874, the Cheyenne Trail Company was formed to build a trail was built up Cheyenne Cañon and North Cheyenne Cañon and a wagon road was built up South Cheyenne Cañons to Seven Falls.
In 1882, James Hull, a naturalist bought the 160 acres to preserve it from logging operations. By 1885 he had a total of 400 acres. Hull built stairs up to the top of the falls and a canyon road to the falls, which then became a tourist attraction, which has been owned by private individuals or companies since then.
E.P. Tenny, president of the Colorado College Land Company announced on April 14, 1884 that the land on the east side of South Cheyenne Cañon, in North Cheyenne Cañon and at the headwaters of Bear Creek had been purchased to create Colorado College Park. Improvements would be made to trails, such as a trail to Jones Park, and roads to make them more accessible to the public, and a toll would be charged to offset the costs of construction and maintenance. The South Cañon toll was $.25. The land would be offered for public use for camping, hiking, horseback riding, and lodging in cottages.[a] Three months later, The Gazette published the article "Our Cañons" condemning charging tolls to enter the Cheyenne Cañons, because there would be some people who would be then unable to enjoy the scenery and the cooler temperatures during the summer. Having to pay tolls can also leave a bad impression on visitors to the area. The author ask for county and city officials to purchase the property.
By 1898, several people lived and operated photography, burro line, and curio shop businesses in South Cheyenne Cañon.[b] Stratton Park (first called Cheyenne Park) was opened in 1902 at the intersection of North and South Cheyenne Cañon, covering part of both cañons. A burro stand operated in the park.:18, 318
The tall Cañon walls near Seven Falls were more than 200 feet (61 m) high and made of multi-colored granite.:70 Pillars of Hercules is a canyon wall more than 1,000 feet (300 m) tall.:5 In 1906, Lilian Whiting, wrote that "the bridle paths, the terraced drives on the mountain walls, and the glades where games may be placed, all make South Cheyenne the most unique pleasure resort" of the country.:67 South Cheyenne Cañon and North Cheyenne Cañons, green with trees, met at a place called Fair View in 1906.:73
Travelers could visit the Cañon by 1902 by taking the Colorado Springs and Interurban Railway electric trolley or via the carriage road. Buses replaced trolleys beginning in 1931 and the last electric trolley ran on April 30, 1932.
In September 2013, there was a significant flood which caused significant sediment and debris to result in the closing of South Cheyenne Canon Road. Due to damage it sustained, Seven Falls was closed until Spring 2015.
There are two hiking trails that begin at the top of Seven Falls. They are open from May through October until 7 pm. The Inspiration Point trail is a 1 mile (1.6 km) winding trail to Inspiration Point and takes about one hour round trip. There are views of the city of Colorado Springs and the plains. This was a favored spot by Helen Hunt Jackson that inspired her poem writing. As she wished, she was originally buried at the point. A shorter trail to Midnight Falls is about a half-hour hike to Midnight Falls, near the South Cheyenne Creek headwaters.
Starsmore Visitor and Nature Center
The Starsmore Visitor Nature Center is located on South Cheyenne Canyon Road at the entrance to North Cheyenne Cañon Park. This is roughly one mile east of the entrance to Seven Falls. It is the visitor center for the North Cheyenne Cañon Park that has hands-on exhibits, nature programs, and information about the park. North Cheyenne Canon Park and the Starsmore Visitor and Nature Center are free to the public. The park is open year round and Starsmore is open from April to October.
There are picnic areas along South Cheyenne Cañon, including the Cheyenne Cañon Mesa facility that accommodates up to 100 people. It has hiking trails and a shelter. There is also picnic sites in the South Cañon Picnic Area along South Cheyenne Creek in the North Cheyenne Cañon Park. Picnicing is not allowed in the Seven Falls property.
- Any monies remaining after construction and operating costs had been covered would go to the Colorado College library and natural history cabinet, both of which were open to the public.
- Fannie Havis operated a curio shop,:312 J.M. Havis was a photographer,:341 Coombs, Allen & Company operated a burro carriage line,:93 and there were several residents in South Cheyenne Cañon in 1898.:93, 107, 179
- "South Cheyenne Canyon". US Geological Survey. October 13, 1978. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
- Susan Joy Paul (16 July 2013). Hiking Waterfalls in Colorado: A Guide to the State's Best Waterfall Hikes. Falcon Guides. p. 107. ISBN 978-1-4930-0328-0.
- Robert Hurst (15 June 2005). Road Biking Colorado's Front Range: A Guide to the Greatest Bike Rides from Colorado Springs to Fort Collins. Globe Pequot Press. p. 20. ISBN 978-0-7627-3739-0.
- "North Cheyenne Cañon Master Plan" (PDF). Parks and Recreation, City of Colorado Springs. November 2003. p. 39. Retrieved February 3, 2015.
- Pikes Peak Atlas (Map). Cartography by Robert Ormes and Robert Houdek. Robert Houdek. 1999.
- "History of Seven Falls, Springs overlap" (PDF). Colorado Springs, Colorado: The Gazette. April 11, 2014. p. A 6:6. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
- "Organized to build trails up North and South Cheyenne Cañons and a road up to Seven Falls" (PDF). Colorado Springs, Colorado: The Weekly Gazette. January 17, 1874. p. 2:6. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
- Elizabeth Wallace (2003). Colorado Springs. Arcadia Publishing. p. 64. ISBN 978-0-7385-2091-9.
- "Colorado College Park; comprising the North Cheyenne Cañon, the east half of the South Cheyenne Cañon, and the headwaters of Bear Creek" (PDF). Colorado Springs, Colorado: The Weekly Gazette. April 19, 1884. p. 6:5. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
- "Our Cañons" (PDF). Colorado Springs, Colorado: The Gazette. July 30, 1884. p. 2:1. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
- Directory of Colorado Springs (PDF) (almanac), The Out West Printing and Stationery Co., 1898, retrieved 2013-11-05 – via Pikes Peak Library District (ppld.org)
- The Giles City Directory of Colorado Springs and Manitou (PDF) (almanac). The Giles Directory Company. May 1903. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
- "The History of the Colorado P.E.O. Chapter House". P.E.O. Chapter House. 2005. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved January 16, 2015.
- Whiting, Lilian (1909) . The land of enchantment. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company. pp. 67, 70.
- Colorado Springs & Cripple Creek District Railway (1904). The Short Line Blue Book. Blue Book Publishing Company. p. 37.
- "Improvements and Extensions of the Colorado Springs Rapid Transit System". Street Railway Journal. XX (2): 70. 1902. Retrieved January 15, 2015.
- "Colorado Springs Trolleys: About us". Pikes Peak Historical Street Railway Foundation, Colorado Springs & Interurban Railway. Archived from the original on February 5, 2015. Retrieved January 15, 2015.
- Martha Perez-Sanz (September 18, 2013). "Flood Damages in Colorado Springs Likely to Exceed $10 Million". Radio Colorado College. Retrieved February 3, 2015.
- "The Broadmoor's Seven Falls". Pikes Peak Country Attractions. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
- "Trails". Seven Falls. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
- Robert Hurst (15 June 2005). Road Biking Colorado's Front Range: A Guide to the Greatest Bike Rides from Colorado Springs to Fort Collins. Globe Pequot Press. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-7627-3739-0.
- Stewart M. Green (June 1, 2008). Scenic Driving Colorado. Globe Pequot Press. p. 91. ISBN 978-0-7627-4791-7.
- "Pavilion Reservation Application" (PDF). Parks, Recreation and Cultural Services, City of Colorado Springs. Retrieved February 3, 2015.
- "North Cheyenne Canon Park" (PDF). Parks, Recreation, and Cultural Services, City of Colorado Springs. Retrieved February 3, 2015.
- Hull Brothers. In South Cheyenne Cañon with pen and camera (1890s). Hull Brothers, proprietors of South Cheyenne Cañon.