South Devon Railway Leopard class

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Leopard
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Builder Avonside Engine Co.
Specifications
Configuration 4-4-0ST
Gauge 7 ft 0 14 in (2.140 m)
Leading wheel
diameter
3 ft 6 in (1.07 m)
Driver diameter 5 ft 9 in (1.75 m)
Wheelbase 18 ft 5 in (5.61 m)
Cylinder size 17 in × 24 in (430 mm × 610 mm)
Career
Operator(s) South Devon Railway
Class Leopard

The Leopard class were four 4-4-0 saddle tank broad gauge designed for passenger trains but were also used on goods trains when required. They were built by the Avonside Engine Company for the South Devon Railway, but also operated on its associated railways. Although designed for easy conversion to standard gauge this was never carried out.

On 1 February 1876 the South Devon Railway was amalgamated with the Great Western Railway, the locomotives were given numbers by their new owners but continued to carry their names too.

Locomotives[edit]

  • Lance (1875 – 1892) GWR no. 2130
It was one of two locomotives kept working at Swindon railway works for shunting the broad gauge stock into the workshops for conversion or dismantling, until it too was dismantled in June 1893.
This was the second South Devon Railway locomotive to carry this name, it was previously carried by a Comet class locomotive. The name is that of a thrown weapon, a lance.
  • Leopard (1872 – 1893) GWR no. 2128
It was one of two locomotives kept working at Swindon railway works for shunting the broad gauge stock into the workshops for conversion or dismantling, until it too was dismantled in June 1893.
This locomotive is named after the leopard, a fast animal.
On 8 March 1891, Leopard was derailed in a blizzard near Camborne, Cornwall whilst working a relief passenger train.[1]
  • Osiris (1875 – 1892) GWR no. 2131
This was the second South Devon Railway locomotive to carry this name, it was previously carried by a Comet class locomotive. The name is that of an Egyptian god, Osiris.
  • Stag (1872 – 1893) GWR no. 2129
This locomotive is believed to have worked the last train on the St Ives branch on 20 May 1892 before this and all other lines were converted to standard gauge. It then took the empty coaches from there to Swindon railway works where it was kept for shunting the broad gauge stock into the workshops for conversion or dismantling, until it too was dismantled in June 1893.
A stag is a fast animal.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Earnshaw, Alan (1990). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 6. Penryn: Atlantic Books. p. 4. ISBN 0-906899-37-0. 
Sources
  • Reed, P.J.T. (February 1953). White, D.E., ed. The Locomotives of the Great Western Railway, Part 2: Broad Gauge. Kenilworth: The Railway Correspondence and Travel Society. ISBN 0-901115-32-0. OCLC 650490992. 
  • Beck, Keith; Copsey, John (1990). The Great Western in South Devon. Didcot: Wild Swan Publications. ISBN 0-906867-90-8. 
  • Gregory, R H (1982). The South Devon Railway. Salisbury: The Oakwood Press. ISBN 0-85361-286-2. 
  • Waters, Laurence (1999). The Great Western Broad Gauge. Hersham: Ian Allan Publishing. ISBN 0-7110-2634-3. 
  • Railway company records at The National Archives