Southend East (UK Parliament constituency)

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Southend East
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County Essex
Major settlements Southend-on-Sea, Shoeburyness
19501997
Number of members One
Replaced by Rochford and Southend East
Created from Southend and South East Essex

Southend East was a parliamentary constituency in Essex. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

The constituency was created for the 1950 general election, and abolished for the 1997 general election.

History[edit]

Southend East was a safe Conservative seat throughout its existence, except for at a by-election in 1980 when the Conservatives held the seat by only 430 votes. From this by-election until its abolition, Southend East was held by the well-known Conservative Teddy Taylor.

Boundaries[edit]

1950–1955: The County Borough of Southend-on-Sea wards of All Saints, Pier, Shoebury, Southchurch, and Thorpe, and the Rural District of Rochford.

1955–1983: The County Borough of Southend-on-Sea wards of All Saints, Pier, Shoebury, Southchurch, and Thorpe.

1983–1997: The Borough of Southend-on-Sea wards of Milton, St Luke's, Shoebury, Southchurch, Thorpe, and Victoria.

The constituency included Southend town centre, and parts of the Borough of Southend to the east.

In 1997, Southend East was abolished and expanded to the north to include the town of Rochford to form the new constituency of Rochford and Southend East due to relatively low population.[1]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[2] Party Notes
1950 Stephen McAdden Conservative Died 1979
1980 by-election Teddy Taylor Conservative Subsequently, MP for Rochford and Southend East 1997–2005
1997 constituency abolished: see Rochford and Southend East

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Southend East [3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Stephen McAdden 20,395 47.1 N/A
Labour Rubeigh James Minney 18,230 42.2 N/A
Liberal John Greig Runciman 4,616 10.7 N/A
Majority 2,165 4.9 N/A
Turnout 43,241 82.5 N/A
Conservative win
General Election 1951: Southend East [3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Stephen McAdden 24,088 55.3 +8.1
Labour Leslie Charles Merrion 19,478 44.7 +2.5
Majority 4,610 10.6 +5.6
Turnout -1.9 80.6 -1.9
Conservative hold Swing +2.8
General Election 1955: Southend East [3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Stephen McAdden 23,958 58.2 +2.9
Labour William Harold Clough 17,200 41.8 -2.9
Majority 6,758 16.4 +5.8
Turnout 41,158 74.0 -6.7
Conservative hold Swing +2.9
General Election 1959: Southend East [3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Stephen McAdden 24,712 59.3 +1.0
Labour Eric James Trevett 16,987 40.7 -1.0
Majority 7,725 18.6 +2.0
Turnout 75.5 +1.5
Conservative hold Swing +1.0

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Southend East[3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Stephen McAdden 19,775 46.6 -12.7
Labour Eric James Trevett 16,408 38.6 -2.1
Liberal David E Evans 6,296 14.8 n/a
Majority 3,367 8.0 -10.6
Turnout 42,479 76.2 +0.7
Conservative hold Swing -5.3
General Election 1966: Southend East[3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Stephen McAdden 19,125 45.3 -1.3
Labour Peter R Clyne 18,608 44.1 +5.4
Liberal Keith W Baynes 4,495 10.6 -4.2
Majority 517 1.2 -6.7
Turnout 42,228 76.9 +0.8
Conservative hold Swing -3.3

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Southend East[3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Stephen McAdden 24,025 58.5 +13.2
Labour Peter R Clyne 17,065 41.5 -2.6
Majority 6,960 16.9 +15.7
Turnout 41,090 71.2 -5.8
Conservative hold Swing +5.3
United Kingdom general election, February 1974: Southend East [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Stephen McAdden 19,600 44.3 -14.1
Labour Motel Burstin 14,648 33.1 -8.4
Liberal James Walter John Curry 9,979 22.6 n/a
Majority 4,952 11.2 -5.7
Turnout 44,227 77.8 +6.5
Conservative hold Swing -2.9
United Kingdom general election, October 1974: Southend East [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Stephen McAdden 18,083 45.9 +1.6
Labour Susan Katharine Ward 13,480 34.2 +1.1
Liberal James Walter John Curry 7,856 19.9 -2.6
Majority 4,603 11.7 +0.5
Turnout 39,419 68.8 -9.0
Conservative hold Swing +0.2
United Kingdom general election, 1979: Southend East [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Stephen McAdden 22,413 56.1 +10.2
Labour Anthony Nicholas Wright 11,639 29.1 -5.1
Liberal James Hugill 5,244 13.1 -6.8
National Front Patrick Edward Twomey 676 1.7 n/a
Majority 10,774 26.9 +15.3
Turnout 39,972 70.1 +1.3
Conservative hold Swing +7.6
Southend East by-election, 1980[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Teddy Taylor 13,117 36.8 -19.3
Labour Colin George 12,687 35.6 +6.5
Liberal David E Evans 8,939 25.1 +12.0
New Britain Terence Robertson 532 1.5 N/A
Anti Common-Market Free Trade Oliver Smedley 207 0.6 N/A
Independent Liberal James Curry 132 0.4 N/A
Democratic Monarchist, Public Safety, White Resident Bill Boaks 23 0.0 N/A
Majority 430 1.2 -25.7
Turnout 35,637 62.5
Conservative hold Swing -12.87

Elections 1983-1992[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General Election 1992 [7][8]
Electorate: 56,709
Turnout: 41,851 (73.80%) +4.47
Conservative hold
Majority: 13,111 (31.33%) -2.48
Swing: 4.43% from Con to Lab
Teddy Taylor Conservative 24,591 58.76 +0.76
Graham Bramley Labour 11,480 27.43 +9.62
Jackie Horne Liberal Democrat 5,107 12.20 -11.99
Brian Lynch Liberal 673 1.61 N/A
General Election 1987 [7][9]
Electorate: 59,073
Turnout: 40,955 (69.33%) +1.76
Conservative hold
Majority: 13,847 (33.81%) +6.39
Swing: 3.19% from SDP to Con
Teddy Taylor Conservative 23,753 58.00 +2.22
Humphry John Berkeley Social Democratic 9,906 24.19 -4.16
David Ross Scully Labour 7,296 17.81 +1.94
General Election 1983 [7][10]
Revised boundaries
Electorate: 57,690
Turnout: 38,983 (67.57%) -2.51
Conservative hold
Majority: 10,691 (27.42%) +0.47
Swing: 7.76% from Con to SDP
Teddy Taylor Conservative 21,743 55.78 -0.30
Colin George Social Democratic 11,052 28.35 N/A
Conor O'Brien Labour 6,188 15.87 -13.24

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, pp.12,139 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
  2. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 4)[self-published source][better source needed]
  3. ^ a b c d e f g British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973, FWS Craig
  4. ^ a b c d e f g The Times House of Commons, 1950-70
  5. ^ a b c British Parliamentary Election Results, 1974-1983, FWS Craig
  6. ^ Boothroyd, David. "Results of Byelections in the 1979-83 Parliament". United Kingdom Election Results. Retrieved 2015-09-19. 
  7. ^ a b c "'Southend East', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  8. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results April 1992". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  9. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results June 1987". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  10. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results June 1983". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 24 March 2016.