Southern crested newt

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Southern crested newt
Triturus karelinii 0615.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Salamandridae
Genus: Triturus
Species: T. karelinii
Binomial name
Triturus karelinii
(Strauch, 1870)
Triturus karelinii dis.png
Synonyms

The southern crested newt (Triturus karelinii) is a terrestrial European newt. It is similar to the northern crested newt (Triturus cristatus) except larger and more robust.

In 2013, the Balkan-Anatolian crested newt (Triturus ivanbureschi) was separated from the southern crested newt,[2] and in 2016, the Anatolian crested newt (Triturus anatolicus) was separated from T. ivanbureschi, henceforth just the Balkan crested newt.[3]

Physical characteristics[edit]

Southern crested newts are brown to gray dorsally, with darker patches scattered about. Their bellies and throats are orange, with small black dots. They grow up to 7.1 in (18 cm).[4] Males have a large jagged crest from behind their necks down to their tails.

Range[edit]

Southern crested newts occur on Crimea, and in the Caucasus and south of the Caspian Sea, whereas the populations on the southeast Balkan peninsula and western Anatolia belong to the Balkan crested newt[2] while those of northern Anatolia belong to the Anatolian crested newt.[3]

Habitat[edit]

The southern crested newt lives in a variety of mountain habitats, including both broadleaf and coniferous forests, slopes, and plateaus.[4]

Lifecycle[edit]

Sexual maturity is reached at three to four years old. During the breeding season, they are found in most sources of water, such as swamps, lakes, stagnant ponds, ditches and temporary pools, and streams.[4] Males usually live to about eight, and females to 11 years old.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Arntzen, J. W.; Papenfuss, T.; Kuzmin, S.; Tarkhnishvili, D.; Ishchenko, V.; Tuniyev, B.; Sparreboom, M.; Rastegar-Pouyani, N.; Ugurtas, I. H.; Anderson, S.; Babik, W.; Miaud, C.; Isailovic, J. C. (2009). "Triturus karelinii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2009: e.T39420A10235366. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2009.RLTS.T39420A10235366.en. Retrieved 27 August 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Wielstra, B.; Litvinchuk, S. N.; Naumov, B.; Tzankov, N.; Arntzen, J. W. (2013). "A revised taxonomy of crested newts in the Triturus karelinii group (Amphibia: Caudata: Salamandridae), with the description of a new species". Zootaxa. 3682 (3): 441. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3682.3.5. ISSN 1175-5334.  open access publication – free to read
  3. ^ a b Wielstra, B.; Arntzen, J.W. (2016). "Description of a new species of crested newt, previously subsumed in Triturus ivanbureschi (Amphibia: Caudata: Salamandridae)". Zootaxa. 4109 (1): 73. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4109.1.6. ISSN 1175-5334.  open access publication – free to read
  4. ^ a b c livingunderworld.org [1]; Accessed 12/22/06
  5. ^ http://www.leca.ujf-grenoble.fr [2] Accessed 1/3/07

External links[edit]