Sparaxis tricolor

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Sparaxis tricolor1.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Ixioideae
Tribe: Ixieae
Genus: Sparaxis
Species: S. tricolor
Binomial name
Sparaxis tricolor
(Schneev.) Ker Gawl.
  • Ixia tricolor Schneev.
  • Sparaxis blanda Sweet
  • Sparaxis griffinii Sweet
  • Sparaxis lineata Sweet
  • Sparaxis versicolor Sweet
  • Streptanthera lineata (Sweet) Klatt
  • Streptanthera tricolor (Schneev.) Klatt

Sparaxis tricolor, known by the common names wandflower,[2] harlequin flower, and sparaxis, is a bulb-forming perennial plant that grows in well-drained sunny soil. It gained its name from its colorful flowers which are bi- or tri-coloured with a golden centre and a small ring of brown surrounded by another colour.

The plant is native to southern Africa. It is present in California and Australia[3] as an introduced species after having escaped from garden cultivation.


  1. ^ The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 23 April 2016 
  2. ^ "Sparaxis tricolor". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 24 November 2015. 
  3. ^ "Sparaxis tricolor". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 18 March 2012. 

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