Specialty coffee

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Specialty coffee refers to the whole process from farmer to cup using single origin coffee. It refers to the way the coffee is roasted and how it is extracted. "Specialty coffee" was first used in 1974 by Erna Knutsen in an issue of Tea & Coffee Trade Journal. Knutsen used this term to describe beans of the best flavor which are produced in special microclimates.

Specialty coffee should not be confused with "gourmet" or "premium" coffee. The latter are marketing terms with no defined standards. According to the Specialty Coffee Association of America (SCAA), coffee which scores 80 points or above on a 100-point scale is graded "specialty."[1] Specialty coffees are grown in special and ideal climates, and are distinctive because of their full cup taste and little to no defects. The unique flavors and tastes are a result of the special characteristics and composition of the soils in which they are produced.

The specialty segment is the most rapidly growing portion of the coffee industry. In the U.S., specialty coffee has increased its market share to 2% in the last 25 years.[2]

To promote and self-regulate the industry, growers, exporters, roasters, retailers and equipment suppliers have established trade associations. These associations exist in both coffee-consuming and producing countries.

Countries known for producing specialty coffee are Colombia, Ethiopia, Brazil and Indonesia. [3]. Arabica and Robusta are the most popular coffee species in the coffee producing countries though only Arabicas are considered specialty coffees.

Associations in consuming countries[edit]

Associations in producing and consuming countries[edit]

  • ANACAFE's Guatemalan Cup of Excellence [12]
  • Specialty Coffee Association of Bolivia
  • Brazil Specialty Coffee Association[13]
  • Colombian Coffee Federation[14]
  • Specialty Coffee Association of Costa Rica[15]
  • East African Fine Coffees Association[16]
  • Itzalco Fine Coffee Association of El Salvador[17]
  • Specialty Coffee Association of India[18]
  • Specialty Coffee Association of Indonesia[19]
  • Asociación de Cafes Especiales de Nicaragua
  • Association of Special Coffees of Panama[20]
  • Specialty Coffee Association of Southern Africa[21]
  • Asociación Mexicana de Cafés y Cafeterías de Especialidad A.C.[22]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "What is Specialty Coffee". The Specialty Coffee Company. 1 April 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2016.
  2. ^ missing citation
  3. ^ Walton, Justin (14 September 2015). "The 5 Countries That Produce the Most Coffee". Investopedia.
  4. ^ "Specialty Coffee Association of America". Scaa.org. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  5. ^ "Speciality Coffee Association of Europe (SCAE)". Scae.com. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  6. ^ "Specialty Coffee Association of Japan". Scaj.org. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  7. ^ "New Zealand Specialty Coffee Association". Nzcra.org.nz. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  8. ^ Singapore Coffee Association (SCA). "Singapore Coffee Association (SCA)". Singaporecoffee.org. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  9. ^ "Australian Specialty Coffee Association". Aasca.com. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  10. ^ "Specialty Coffee Association of Korea". Scak.net. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  11. ^ Fraser, Kyle. "SCASA - Specialty Coffee Association of Southern Africa". scasa.co.za. Retrieved 2018-04-18.
  12. ^ "http://www.anacafe.org/glifos/index.php?title=Categor%C3%ADa:Subasta-coe-2017". www.anacafe.org. Retrieved 2017-06-02. External link in |title= (help)
  13. ^ "BSCA - Brazil Specialty Coffee Association". Bsca.com.br. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  14. ^ "Juan Valdez". Juanvaldez.com. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  15. ^ [1] Archived May 12, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ "EAFCA". Eafca.org. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  17. ^ "What Is Specialty Coffee?". Coffeebeliever.com. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  18. ^ [2] Archived October 5, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  19. ^ "SCA-INDO". Sca-indo.org. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  20. ^ "Panamaspecialtycoffee.com". Panamaspecialtycoffee.com. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  21. ^ Kyle Fraser. "SCASA - Specialty Coffee Association of Southern Africa". Scasa.co.za. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  22. ^ http://www.amcce.org.mx/