Spialia orbifer

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Spialia orbifer
Spialia orbifer hilaris 1.jpg
Spialia orbifer.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Hesperiidae
Genus: Spialia
Species: S. orbifer
Binomial name
Spialia orbifer
(Hübner, [1823])[1]
Synonyms
  • Papilio orbifer Hübner, [1823]
  • Spialia tesselloides Herrich-Schäffer, [1845]
  • Spialia orbifer f. minor Rebel, 1909
  • Spialia posttesselloides Verity, 1938
  • Spialia orbifer hilaris (Staudinger, 1901)
  • Spialia secunda Graves, 1925
  • Spialia orbifer carnea (Reverdin, 1927)
  • Pyrgus orbifer var. lugens Staudinger, 1886

Spialia orbifer, the orbed red-underwing skipper or Hungarian skipper is a butterfly of the Hesperiidae family. It is found from south-eastern Europe and temperate Asia to Korea. The habitat consists of steppe on plains and grassy slopes in the mountains.

This has sometimes been treated as a subspecies of Spialia sertorius but can be distinguished by the olive green (rather than reddish-brown) underside of the hindwing.

The wingspan is 24–28 mm.[2] Adults are on wing from April to August in one or two generations per year.[3]

The larvae feed on Rubus idaeus, Sanguisorba officinalis, Sanguisorba minor and Potentilla gelida.

Subspecies[edit]

  • Spialia orbifer orbifer (South-eastern Europe to south-western Siberia, northern Iran and Sicily)
  • Spialia orbifer hilaris (Staudinger, 1901) (south-eastern Turkey to Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, northern Iraq and western Iran)
  • Spialia orbifer carnea (Reverdin, 1927) (Afghanistan, Baluchistan, Chitral)
  • Spialia orbifer lugens (Staudinger, 1886) (Tian-Shan, north-eastern Iran, Transcaspia, southern Siberia to the Amur region)
  • Spialia orbifer pseudolugens P. Gorbunov, 1995 (Altai, southern Urals)

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  • Whalley, Paul - Mitchell Beazley Guide to Butterflies (1981, reprinted 1992) ISBN 0-85533-348-0