Spirits (Albert Ayler album)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Spirits (Albert Ayler album).jpg
Studio album by
RecordedFebruary 24, 1964
StudioAtlantic Studios, New York City
GenreFree jazz
LabelDebut (Denmark) DEB 146
Freedom AL 1018
ProducerRobert Altshuler and Jørgen Frigaard
Albert Ayler chronology
Swing Low Sweet Spiritual
Witches & Devils Cover
Witches & Devils.jpg

Spirits is an album by American free jazz saxophonist Albert Ayler recorded in New York City in 1964 and first released on the Danish Debut label then later released on the Freedom label as Witches & Devils.[1][2]


Professional ratings
Review scores
Allmusic3/5 stars[3]
The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide5/5 stars[4]

The Allmusic review by Thom Jurek awarded the album 3 stars stating "This is a revealing if not completely satisfying recording".[3]

All About Jazz stated "The names on the cover look good: Albert Ayler, Henry Grimes, and Sunny Murray. But somehow the parts never add up, though. Sure, the album's four tunes wiggle plenty, producing the agitated jazz Ayler often preached; but, the motions on Spirits, unlike Ayler's better moments, resolve too very little... True Ayler diehards will undoubtedly gobble this recording up, but those in search of quality best look elsewhere".[5]

Track listing[edit]

All compositions by Albert Ayler.

  1. "Spirits" - 6:35
  2. "Witches and Devils" - 11:55
  3. "Holy, Holy" - 11:00
  4. "Saints" - 6:05



  1. ^ Albert Ayler discography accessed October 28, 2014
  2. ^ Discogs album entry, accessed October 28, 2014
  3. ^ a b Jurek, T., Allmusic Review accessed October 28, 2014
  4. ^ Swenson, J., ed. (1985). The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide. USA: Random House/Rolling Stone. pp. 5. ISBN 0-394-72643-X.
  5. ^ Linares, G., All About Jazz Review, September 15, 2005