Debut Records

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Debut Records
Founded 1952 (1952)
Founder Charles Mingus
Celia Mingus
Max Roach
Defunct 1957 (1957)
Status Inactive
Genre Jazz
Country of origin U.S.
Location New York City

Debut Records was an American jazz record company and label founded in 1952 by bassist Charles Mingus, his wife Celia, and drummer Max Roach.[1]

This short-lived label was an attempt to avoid the compromises of working for major companies. Intended to showcase work by new musicians, only about two dozen albums were issued before the company closed in 1957.[2] Nonetheless, several prominent jazz musicians made their first recordings as leaders for Debut, including pianist Paul Bley, and trumpeters Kenny Dorham and Thad Jones. Saxophonist Hank Mobley made his recording debut on the label, as a sideman with Roach.[3] Teo Macero, later a producer with Miles Davis, recorded his first album as a leader as a saxophonist for Debut, an album described by critic Dan Morgenstern[4] as an oddball fusion of Lennie Tristano and Anton Webern.

Debut was the label on which the Jazz at Massey Hall concert album was first issued. Recorded in Toronto, it features Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, Bud Powell, Charles Mingus, and Max Roach, and was the last recorded meeting of long-term musical partners Parker and Gillespie.

In 1957 Danish bookseller Ole Vestegaard leased the company's catalogue from Mingus and produced recordings on the Danish Debut label by American jazz musicians who settled in Copenhagen or played at Jazzhus Montmartre.[5]

When Celia Mingus married Saul Zaentz, later head of Fantasy Records, Charles Mingus gave the Zaentzes control of the Debut catalog as a wedding gift. Mingus thought the gift fitting as Celia had handled the bulk of Debut's business affairs, and most of the seed money came from Celia's mother.[4]

A 12-CD set of the Debut recordings featuring Mingus, the majority of the label's output, was issued by Fantasy Records in 1992. A four-CD sequence entitled Mingus Rarities (Original Jazz Classics) collected some of the more obscure material featuring Mingus.

Discography[edit]

Debut Ten Inch series (10 inch LP)

Debut Twelve Inch series (12 inch LP):

Danish Debut Twelve Inch series (12 inch LP):

  • DEB 130 Jazz Workshop - Trombone Rapport / Trombone Workshop
  • DEB 131 Coleman Hawkins/Bud Powell/Oscar Pettiford/Kenny Clarke - The Essen Jazz Festival All Stars
  • DEB 132 Oscar Pettiford and His Jazz Groups - My Little Cello
  • DEB 133 Bent Axen/Bent Jaedig 6-5-4-3 - Let's Keep the Message
  • DEB 134 Jorn Elniff - Music for Mice and Men
  • DEB 135 Hjulmand & Botschinsky Featuring Oscar Pettiford - Blue Bros
  • DEB 136 Eric Dolphy - Eric Dolphy in Europe
  • DEB 137 Brew Moore - Brew Moore in Europe
  • DEB 138 Cecil Taylor - Live at the Cafe Montmartre
  • DEB 139 Charles Mingus - Chazz!
  • DEB 140 Albert Ayler - My Name Is Albert Ayler
  • DEB 141 Sahib Shihab - Sahib's Jazz Party
  • DEB 142 Don Byas - Don Byas' 30th Anniversary Album
  • DEB 143 The Contemporary Jazz Quartet Featuring Sonny Murray - Action
  • DEB 144 Albert Ayler - Ghosts
  • DEB 145 no information
  • DEB 146 Albert Ayler - Spirits
  • DEB 147 Paul Bley Trio - Touching
  • DEB 148 Cecil Taylor Jazz Unit - Nefertiti, the Beautiful One Has Come
  • DEB 149 Bent Jaedig - Bent Jaedig Quintet
  • DEB 150 Palle Mikkelborg Og Radio Jazz Gruppen - The Mysterious Corona
  • DEB 151 The Contemporary Jazz Quintet - T.C.J.Q.
  • DEB 198 Jazz Workshop - Autobiography in Jazz
  • DEB 1148 Hugh Steinmetz - Nu!

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Priestley, Brian (1982). Mingus: A Critical Biography. London: Quartet Books. p. 46. ISBN 0-7043-2275-7. 
  2. ^ Debut Records discography accessed January 2, 2012
  3. ^ Pekar, H. A View of Debut, Metro, Oct. 30-Nov. 5, 1997
  4. ^ a b See Morgenstern's notes for the 4-CD set The Debut Records Story
  5. ^ Jazzistmark: The Legengary Debut Label accessed May 2, 2016

External links[edit]