Splügen

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Splügen
Splügen01.JPG
Coat of arms of Splügen
Coat of arms
Splügen is located in Switzerland
Splügen
Splügen
Splügen is located in Canton of Graubünden
Splügen
Splügen
Coordinates: 46°33′N 9°19′E / 46.550°N 9.317°E / 46.550; 9.317Coordinates: 46°33′N 9°19′E / 46.550°N 9.317°E / 46.550; 9.317
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Viamala
Government
 • Mayor Walter Mengelt
Area[1]
 • Total 60.49 km2 (23.36 sq mi)
Elevation 1,475 m (4,839 ft)
Population (Dec 2015[2])
 • Total 384
 • Density 6.3/km2 (16/sq mi)
Postal code 7435
SFOS number 3694
Localities Medels im Rheinwald
Surrounded by Madesimo (IT-SO), Mesocco, Nufenen, Safien, Sufers
Website www.gemeinde-spluegen.ch
SFSO statistics

Splügen (Romansh: Spleia, Italian: Spluga) is a municipality in the Viamala Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. On 1 January 2006 Splügen incorporated its neighbouring municipality of Medels im Rheinwald.

In 1995, the Swiss Heritage Society bestowed the Wakker Prize to Splügen.

History[edit]

Splügen is first mentioned about 840 as cella in Speluca.[3]

Geography[edit]

Splügen

Splügen has an area, as of 2006, of 60.5 km2 (23.4 sq mi). Of this area, 38.3% is used for agricultural purposes, while 17.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (42.9%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

Before 2017, the municipality was located in the Rheinwald sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district, after 2017 it was part of the Viamala Region.[5] It consists of the village of Splügen and since 1 January 2006, Medels im Rheinwald. It is a haufendorf (an irregular, unplanned and quite closely packed village, built around a central square) located on a ridge between the Splügen pass and San Bernardino pass.

The Splügen Pass road leads from Splügen to Chiavenna and rises to a height of 2,020 meters (6,630 ft). The Italian name for the pass is Passo dello Spluga. The pass is closed in winter nowadays and the whole route hosts a number of historically interesting spots that can be reached on a common multiday hike between Thusis and Chiavenna,[6] passing the two gorges Roflaschlucht and Viamala north of Splügen.

Demographics[edit]

Splügen has a population (as of 31 December 2015) of 384.[2] As of 2008, 10.7% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -8.3%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 50.0% male and 50.0% female.[7] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Splügen is; 25 people or 13.2% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 22 people or 11.6% are 10 to 14, and 3 people or 1.6% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 8 people or 4.2% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 35 people or 18.5% are 30 to 39, 20 people or 10.6% are 40 to 49, and 15 people or 7.9% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 28 people or 14.8% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 21 people or 11.1% are 70 to 79, there are 11 people or 5.8% who are 80 to 89, and there are 1 people or 0.5% who are 90 to 99.[8]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 47.6% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (23.4%), the SPS (22.6%) and the CVP (6.2%).[4]

In Splügen about 67.6% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Splügen has an unemployment rate of 0.33%. As of 2005, there were 39 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 16 businesses involved in this sector. 27 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 6 businesses in this sector. 150 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 30 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1690 360
1850 494
1900 373
1930 336
1950 387
2000 365

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (89.8%), with Italian being second most common (2.7%) and Portuguese being third (2.4%).[4]

Languages in Splügen
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 350 84.34% 364 87.71% 369 89.78%
Romansh 30 7.23% 18 4.34% 8 1.95%
Italian 20 4.82% 9 2.17% 11 2.68%
Population 415 100% 415 100% 411 100%

Tourism[edit]

Splugen in winter

Skiing[edit]

Splugen, in the winter, is a ski resort with a lift going in the direction of the Splügen Pass.

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

Hotel Weiss Kreuz

The former Säumerherberge (mule drivers hostel) Weiss Kreuz is listed as a Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[9]

Wakker Prize[edit]

In 1995, the Swiss Heritage Society bestowed the Wakker Prize to Splügen. The prize description notes that Splügen had reached a notable compromise between preservation and tourism. The old town was strictly protected to maintain the original appearance, while rational zone planning allowed development to occur outside the old village.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2016
  3. ^ a b Splügen in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 06-Oct-2009
  5. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz - Mutationsmeldungen 2016 accessed 16 February 2017
  6. ^ (in English) Hiking Switzerland Graubünden Via Spluga cultural history route
  7. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  8. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  9. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (in German) accessed 06-Oct-2009
  10. ^ Swiss Heritage Society (in German) accessed 6 October 2009

External links[edit]