The First Spooner Act of 1902 (aka Panama Canal Act, 32 Stat. 481  ) was written by Wisconsin senator John Coit Spooner, enacted on June 28, 1902, and signed by President Roosevelt the following day. It authorized purchasing the assets of a French syndicate called the Compagnie Nouvelle du Canal de Panama, provided that a treaty could be negotiated with the Republic of Colombia.
The syndicate, headed by Philippe-Jean Bunau-Varilla, sold at a price reduced from $110 million to only $40 million. US lawyer William Nelson Cromwell subsequently got a $800,000 commission for his lobbying.   
The Spooner Act is followed by the Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty of Nov. 18, 1903.
- "Records of the Panama Canal". US National Archives. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
- "Panama Canal Act ". History Central. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
- "AMERICAN CANAL CONSTRUCTION". Panama Canal Authority. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
- Kinzer, Stephen (2007). "3. From a Whorehouse to a White House". Overthrow: America's Century of Regime Change from Hawaii to Iraq. pp. 56–62.
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