Sruti upanga

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From C. R. Day, Plate XVI

The sruti upanga ("drone bagpipe", or bhazana-śruti,[1] druthi,[2] or nosbug[3]) is a type of bagpipe played in Tamil Nadu, southern India.[4] The instrument was often used to supply a drone to accompany mukha vina (Tamil oboe) music.[5]

The instrument was described in detail by one Charles Russel Day (1860-1900 CE)

Playing method[edit]

Beatrice Edgerly notes in 1942, similar to Day, that the pitch of the instrument was controlled by inserting wire or bits of silk.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Payer, Alois (1944 - ). Musikinstrumente und Musikensemble. (Materialien zur karnatischen Musik). Fassung vom 2009-05-20.
  2. ^ Day, C.R. (1894). "Notes on Indian Music". Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association. London: Novello, Ewer, and Co. pp. 64–. 
  3. ^ a b Beatrice Edgerly (1942). From the hunter's bow: the history and romance of musical instruments. G.P. Putnam's Sons. p. 169. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  4. ^ Alison Arnold (2000). South Asia: the Indian subcontinent. Taylor & Francis. pp. 366–. ISBN 978-0-8240-4946-1. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  5. ^ Līlā Ōñcēri; Deepti Omchery Bhalla (1990). Studies in Indian music and allied arts. Sundeep Prakashan. ISBN 978-81-85067-60-5. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  6. ^ Day, C. R. (Charles Russell). The music and musical instruments of southern India and the Deccan. Novello, 1891, London & New York. Pages xvi, 173 S. : Ill. S. 151.

External links[edit]