St Andrew's Cathedral, Aberdeen
|St Andrew's Cathedral, Aberdeen|
|Denomination||Scottish Episcopal Church|
|Diocese||Aberdeen & Orkney|
|Bishop(s)||Right Rev Robert Gillies|
|Provost||The Very Revd Dr Isaac M Poobalan|
St Andrew's Cathedral, or the Cathedral Church of Saint Andrew, is a cathedral of the Scottish Episcopal Church situated in the Scottish city of Aberdeen. It is the see of the Bishop of Aberdeen and Orkney who is the Ordinary of the Diocese of Aberdeen and Orkney.
The cathedral is incorrectly known as being the church where the first bishop of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America, Samuel Seabury was ordained in 1784. Bishop Seabury was in fact consecrated to the episcopate in "an upper room" of a house in Longacre, approx 500 metres from the present building. The approximate site of the house used to be marked by a polished granite tablet. This has, in recent years, been moved up the quadrangle of the former Marischal College.
The original building was designed in the perpendicular Gothic style by the architect Archibald Simpson, one of Simpson's many commissions in the city. Rather than being built out of the usual local granite, for which Aberdeen is famous, the facade of the structure, facing King Street, was built from sandstone for economical reasons despite Simpson's opposition. The rest of the building was built of granite.
During the 1930s, the cathedral was renovated to commemorate the 150th anniversary of Seabury's consecration. There had been a plan to build an elaborate, cruciform cathedral with central tower, commemorating Bishop Seabury's consecration on the site currently occupied by Aberdeen City Council's headquarters. This was to have been a gift of the ECUSA, however, the Wall Street Crash halted this plan due to lack of money. Instead, the existing church was enlarged and embellished by Sir Ninian Comper. The memorial was dedicated with a ceremony attended by the then U.S. ambassador to the UK, Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr.
The Cathedral has always offered dignified liturgical worship and, until the late 1970s and early 1980s, was Anglo-Catholic in tradition. In 1982, the Cathedral Provost of the time, Very Revd Donald Howard, declared in a sermon the cathedral would remove the large crucifix and four of the six candles on the High Altar for Lent so that the altar could be free-standing to permit a 'westward' celebration of the Eucharist, celebrant facing the congregation rather than back to the people. The candles were never returned to the High Altar. If they had been, a 'screen' of six candle sticks would have obscured the vision and looked ridiculous. Two candle sticks on free-standing altars are the norm also in Roman Catholic and other Protestant communities. Worship has since become more "broad" in nature, whilst retaining the dignity of cathedral worship.
St Andrew's Cathedral Aberdeen has a long musical and choral heritage and is now the only Episcopalian (Anglican) cathedral in Scotland to maintain a traditional choir of men and boys. In recent years, the cathedral has also formed a girls' choir and a ladies choir; both of which are joined by the Lay Clerks (gentlemen) of the cathedral choir. Over the last thirty years, the Cathedral Choir has sung in most of the UK's major cathedrals and has also toured overseas.
Organ and Organists
The Cathedral, which has a splendid acoustic, houses one of the finest three manual pipe organs in Scotland, and has been served by a number of distinguished Organists & Masters of the Choristers including:
- George Trash
- John Cullen
- Richard Galloway
- Frederick ("Bill") Fea
- David McGinnigle
- Geoffrey Pearce ???? - 1983 (afterwards organist of Bridlington Priory)
- Professor Andrew Morrisson 1983 - current
Revd Canon John Walker
Revd Canon Ian Ferguson
Revd Canon Jeremy Paisey
Revd Canon Lisa Eunson
Revd Canon Paul Watson
- Religion in Scotland
- St Machar's Cathedral — the original cathedral in Aberdeen, now a High Kirk of the Church of Scotland
- St Mary's Cathedral — cathedral of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Aberdeen
- Miller, David G. (2007). Archibald Simpson Architect: His Life and Times, 1790-1847. Scottish Executive. p. 42. ISBN 978-1-904440-84-0.