St James' Parish Church, Wetherby

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St James' Parish Church
St James' Church, Wetherby (15th April 2013) 004.JPG
Parish Church of
St James
53°55′47″N 1°23′11″W / 53.9298°N 1.3864°W / 53.9298; -1.3864Coordinates: 53°55′47″N 1°23′11″W / 53.9298°N 1.3864°W / 53.9298; -1.3864
Location Wetherby, Leeds,
West Yorkshire
Country England
Denomination Church of England
Website St James Wetherby
History
Dedication St James
Administration
Parish Wetherby
Deanery Wetherby
Archdeaconry Leeds
Diocese Leeds
Province York

St James' Parish Church is an Anglican parish church serving the parish of Wetherby with Linton in Wetherby, West Yorkshire, England.

History[edit]

Wetherby was a chapelry in the ancient parish of Spofforth until its parish church was built in 1842. Before then the chapel of ease was served by clergy from the mother church in Spofforth. A chapel was mentioned in 1301 and again in 1546. A dilapidated thatched chapel in the Market Square was demolished in 1760. It was replaced by another in 1763 and that too was demolished in 1845.[1]

Curate, William Raby of Spofforth came to Wetherby in 1833 and embarked on two building schemes, St James' Church and Wetherby Town Hall. On 3 April 1838 a meeting of civic and ecclesiastical figures agreed to build a church with a graveyard.[2] The backers included two brewers, two surgeons, two solicitors, two innkeepers, the curate, a wine and spirit merchant, a farmer, a craftsman, a non provincial dealer, a postmaster and a 'gentleman who between them owned 21% of the land in Wetherby and leased another 25%'. Each subscribed at least £20.[3]

The site for the church occupied three roods of barley field provided by Edwin Greenwood of Keighley, the principal non-resident purchaser at the great sale of Wetherby in 1824.[4] An access road was provided from the market place and Great North Road on land provided by John F. Barlow of Aldfield House.[5]

The first stones were laid on 1 April 1839 by Quentin Rhodes who contributed significantly towards the initial cost of £4000. The church was built from stone quarried at Collingham.[6] The church was consecrated by Longley, Bishop of Ripon on 1 February 1842 and cost of £4,300.[7] The 1877 the church was refurbished at a cost of £1000 raised by local subscriptions.[8]

Not long after completion, 60 residents petitioned the Bishop of Ripon complaining about the curate, Raby, and his allocation of pews and other abuses by his 'masterful hand'.[9]

Church on the Corner[edit]

Church on the Corner

Limited burial space in the churchyard resulted in the provision of a large cemetery on the corner of Hallfield Lane. It has two similar chapels, the east chapel is used for St James' Church on the Corner while the other is the cemetery chapel. The cemetery is managed by Wetherby Town Council.

Architecture[edit]

The church is aligned east to west and has a west tower. It is constructed of sandstone and was completed in 1842 in the Gothic revival style. The chancel was added in 1877[10] and a porch was built in the 1990s. The north side has access to the crypt. The south side has the old and new entrances and a rose window.

Pinnacles on the tower were removed in 1939 after they became unsafe. They were replaced by cap-stones.[11] A porch was added in the 1990s and a ramp providing wheelchair access.

A former Sunday School building on Church Street that opened in 1895 is rented to local organisations.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  • Unwin, Robert (1987). Wetherby the History of a Yorkshire Market Town. Leeds University Press for Wetherby Historical Trust. ISBN 0-9511968-0-4. 
  • Wetherby and District Historical Society (1995). Wetherby: The Archive Photographs Series. NPI Media Group. ISBN 0-7524-0328-1. 
  1. ^ "The History of St James". St James' Church. Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  2. ^ Unwin 1987, p. 104
  3. ^ Unwin 1987, p. 140
  4. ^ Unwin 1987, p. 105
  5. ^ Unwin 1987, p. 105 106
  6. ^ Wetherby and District Historical Society 1995, p. 104
  7. ^ Unwin 1987, p. 106
  8. ^ Unwin 1987, p. 139
  9. ^ Unwin 1987, p. 106
  10. ^ "Church of St James". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  11. ^ Wetherby and District Historical Society 1995, p. 147