|Stalag VIII-E (308) / Stalag VIII C/Z|
|Neuhammer (Świętoszów), Lower Silesia|
|Controlled by||Nazi Germany|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Occupants||Polish and French, then Soviet POW|
Stalag VIII-E (also known as Stalag 308) was a German World War II prisoner-of-war camp located next to the village of Neuhammer, Silesia (now Świętoszów, Poland). It was about 15 km (9.3 mi) south of the camps Stalag VIII-C and Stalag Luft III at Sagan, Silesia (now Żagań, Poland). It was built on a large German Army training ground that is still in use today by the Polish Land Forces' 10th Armoured Cavalry Brigade. It housed Polish, French, and Soviet POWs.
The camp was built in September 1939 to house several thousand prisoners from the invasion of Poland. After May 1940, they were joined by French prisoners taken during the Battle of France. In July 1941, the Poles and French were transferred to other camps, and were replaced with Soviet prisoners. In June 1942, Stalag VIII-E became a sub-camp (Zweiglager) of Stalag VIII-C and was renamed Stalag VIII-C/Z. During the war, a total of 57,545 Soviet POWs were held at the camp. The camp was liberated by the Red Army on 15 February 1945.
In 1961, a monument was erected at the cemetery next to the site of Stalag VIII-C in remembrance of the thousands who died there. In 1971, the "Museum to the Martyrdom of Allied Prisoners of War" was established on the site of the camp to house mementos and records of both Stalag VIII-C and Stalag Luft III, as well as Stalag VIII-E.
- Otto, Reinhard; Keller, Rolf; Nagel, Jens (2008). "Sowjetische Kriegsgefangene in deutschem Gewahrsam 1941–1945: Zahlen und Dimensionen" (PDF). Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte (in German). 56 (4): 557–602. doi:10.1524/vfzg.2008.0026. S2CID 144568410.
- "List of POW camps (Kriegsgefangenenlager Liste)". Moosburg Online (in German). 2012. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- History of the Sagan region
- Account of a Russian POW in Germany (translated from Russian)