Stalag VIII-E

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Stalag VIII-E (308) / Stalag VIII C/Z
Neuhammer (Świętoszów), Lower Silesia
Stalag VIII-E (308) / Stalag VIII C/Z is located in Poland
Stalag VIII-E (308) / Stalag VIII C/Z
Stalag VIII-E (308) / Stalag VIII C/Z
Stalag VIII-E (308) / Stalag VIII C/Z is located in Germany
Stalag VIII-E (308) / Stalag VIII C/Z
Stalag VIII-E (308) / Stalag VIII C/Z
Coordinates51°28′34″N 15°24′15″E / 51.4760°N 15.4042°E / 51.4760; 15.4042
TypePrisoner-of-war camp
Site information
Controlled by Nazi Germany
Site history
In use1939–1945
Battles/warsWorld War II
Garrison information
OccupantsPolish and French, then Soviet POW

Stalag VIII-E (also known as Stalag 308) was a German World War II prisoner-of-war camp located next to the village of Neuhammer, Silesia (now Świętoszów, Poland). It was about 15 km (9.3 mi) south of the camps Stalag VIII-C and Stalag Luft III at Sagan, Silesia (now Żagań, Poland). It was built on a large German Army training ground that is still in use today by the Polish Land Forces' 10th Armoured Cavalry Brigade. It housed Polish, French, and Soviet POWs.

Camp history[edit]

The camp was built in September 1939 to house several thousand prisoners from the invasion of Poland. After May 1940, they were joined by French prisoners taken during the Battle of France. In July 1941, the Poles and French were transferred to other camps, and were replaced with Soviet prisoners. In June 1942, Stalag VIII-E became a sub-camp (Zweiglager) of Stalag VIII-C and was renamed Stalag VIII-C/Z. During the war, a total of 57,545 Soviet POWs were held at the camp.[1] The camp was liberated by the Red Army on 15 February 1945.[2]

Post-war the camp was used by the Soviets to hold German Army and Polish Home Army prisoners before their transfer to Russia.[3]

Memorial[edit]

In 1961, a monument was erected at the cemetery next to the site of Stalag VIII-C in remembrance of the thousands who died there. In 1971, the "Museum to the Martyrdom of Allied Prisoners of War" was established on the site of the camp to house mementos and records of both Stalag VIII-C and Stalag Luft III, as well as Stalag VIII-E.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Otto 2008, p. 572.
  2. ^ "Stalag VIII-E Neuhammer". Museum to the Martyrdom of Allied Prisoners of War (in French). 2012. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
  3. ^ "Camps (POW) in Zagan". Museum to the Martyrdom of Allied Prisoners of War. 2012. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
Bibliography

External links[edit]