Staphylococcus gallinarum

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Staphylococcus gallinarum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Firmicutes
Class: Bacilli
Order: Bacillales
Family: Staphylococcaceae
Genus: Staphylococcus
Species: S. gallinarum
Binomial name
Staphylococcus gallinarum
Devriese et al. 1983

Staphylococcus gallinarum is a Gram-positive, coagulase-negative member of the bacterial genus Staphylococcus consisting of single, paired, and clustered cocci. Strains of this species were first isolated from chickens and a pheasant. The cells contain cell walls with chemical similarity to those of Staphylococcus epidermis.[1] Since its initial discovery, S. gallinarum has also been found in the saliva of healthy human adults.[2]

S. gallinarum is not generally pathogenic, though it has been isolated from infected wounds of hospital patients,[3] from blood of a patient with a chronic hepatitis B infection,[4] and from an eye infection (endophthalmitis).[5] The infection rate and morbidity of S. gallinarum is comparatively low and its effects on humans are limited. [6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Devriese, L. A.; Poutrel, B.; Kilpper-Balz, R.; Schlieffer, K. H. (1 July 1983). "Staphylococcus gallinarum and Staphylococcus caprae, Two New Species from Animals". International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. 33 (3): 480–486. doi:10.1099/00207713-33-3-480. 
  2. ^ Ohara-Nemoto, Y.; Haraga, H.; Kimura, S.; Nemoto, T. K. (1 January 2008). "Occurrence of staphylococci in the oral cavities of healthy adults and nasal oral trafficking of the bacteria". Journal of Medical Microbiology. 57 (1): 95–99. doi:10.1099/jmm.0.47561-0. 
  3. ^ Kolawole, D. O.; Shittu, A. O. (1 February 1997). "Unusual recovery of animal staphylococci from septic wounds of hospital patients in Ile-Ife, Nigeria". Letters in Applied Microbiology. 24 (2): 87–90. doi:10.1046/j.1472-765X.1997.00337.x. 
  4. ^ Yu, D; Chen, Y; Pan, Y; Li, H; McCormac, MA; Tang, YW (Autumn 2008). "Case report: Staphylococcus gallinarum bacteremia in a patient with chronic hepatitis B virus infection.". Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science. 38 (4): 401–4. PMID 18988936. 
  5. ^ Tibra, N. K.; Jalali, S.; Reddy, A. K.; Narayanan, R.; Agarwal, R. (12 November 2009). "Traumatic endophthalmitis caused by Staphylococcus gallinarum". Journal of Medical Microbiology. 59 (3): 365–366. doi:10.1099/jmm.0.011551-0. 
  6. ^ Yu, D; Chen, Y; Pan, Y; Li, H; McCormac, MA; Tang, YW (Autumn 2008). "Case report: Staphylococcus gallinarum bacteremia in a patient with chronic hepatitis B virus infection.". Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science. 38 (4): 401–4. PMID 18988936. 

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