Stara Syniava

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Stara Syniava

Стара Синява
Coat of arms of Stara Syniava
Coat of arms
Coordinates: 49°35′45″N 27°37′23″E / 49.59583°N 27.62306°E / 49.59583; 27.62306Coordinates: 49°35′45″N 27°37′23″E / 49.59583°N 27.62306°E / 49.59583; 27.62306
Country Ukraine
Oblast Khmelnytskyi Oblast
DistrictFlag of Stara Syniava raion.svg Stara Syniava Raion
Magdeburg law1543
Town status1956
Government
 • Town ChiefMykola Movchan
Area
 • Total0.014 km2 (0.005 sq mi)
Elevation294 m (965 ft)
Population
 (2012)
 • TotalIncrease 5,621
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
31400
Area code+380 3850
Websitehttp://rada.gov.ua/

Stara Syniava (Ukrainian: Стара Синява, Russian: Ста́рая Синя́ва) is an urban-type settlement in Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province) in western Ukraine.[2] Stara Syniava also serves as the administrative center of the Stara Syniava Raion (district), housing the raion's local administration buildings. The town's population was 5,961 as of the 2001 Ukrainian Census[2] and 5,581 in 2011.[3]

The settlement, previously named Syniava, received the Magdeburg rights in 1543.[4] In 1956, the town received the status of an urban-type settlement.[2]

Jewish Population[edit]

Stara Syniava had a large Jewish population for nearly 300 years, having been given the status of shtetl. In 1897, the town had 2279 Jews. During World War II, many Jewish residents were able to flee temporarily to Siberia and Uzbekistan, escaping extermination by the advancing German Army and Hitler's SS. Many who remained behind were rounded up by the invaders and killed evidenced by a mass grave of Jews found in Stara Sinyava.[5] After the war some Jews returned to Stara Syniava and resumed living there. In the late 1970s Stara Syniava's Jewish population began emigrating from the USSR, largely to the U.S, Canada, and Israel. Today there are almost no Jews in the town.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Stara Syniava (Khmelnytskyi Oblast, Stara Syniava Raion)". weather.in.ua. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
  2. ^ a b c "Stara Syniava, Khmelnytskyi Oblast, Stara Syniava Raion". Regions of Ukraine and their Structure (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
  3. ^ "Actual Population of Ukraine on January 1, 2011". State Statistics Committee of Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Main Statistical Office in L'viv region. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 October 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
  4. ^ "Stara Syniava". Cities and Monuments of Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 10 January 2013.
  5. ^ https://www.iajgsjewishcemeteryproject.org/armenia/stara-sinyava-staraya-sinyava-alt-sinyove-sieniawa-stara-stara-syniawa-sinyava-staraya-stara-syniava-stara-synjava-sinyava-khmelnytsky-oblast.html
  6. ^ http://data.jewishgen.org/wconnect/wc.dll?jg~jgsys~community~-1054983