Stara Syniava

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Stara Syniava
Стара Синява
Смт. Стара Синява вул. Грушевського, 61.jpg
Coat of arms of Stara Syniava
Coordinates: 49°35′45″N 27°37′23″E / 49.59583°N 27.62306°E / 49.59583; 27.62306Coordinates: 49°35′45″N 27°37′23″E / 49.59583°N 27.62306°E / 49.59583; 27.62306
Country Ukraine
Oblast Khmelnytskyi Oblast
DistrictKhmelnytskyi Raion
Magdeburg law1543
Town status1956
Government
 • Town ChiefMykola Movchan
Area
 • Total0.014 km2 (0.005 sq mi)
Elevation294 m (965 ft)
Population
 (2021)
 • TotalIncrease 5,174
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
31400
Area code+380 3850
Websitehttp://rada.gov.ua/

Stara Syniava (Ukrainian: Стара Синява, Russian: Ста́рая Синя́ва) is an urban-type settlement in Khmelnytskyi Raion, Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province) in western Ukraine.[2] It hosts the administration of Stara Syniava settlement hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine.[3] The settlement's population was 5,961 as of the 2001 Ukrainian Census[2] and 5,174 (2021 est.)[4]

The settlement, previously named Syniava, received the Magdeburg rights in 1543.[5] In 1956, the town received the status of an urban-type settlement.[2]

History[edit]

Until 18 July 2020, Stara Syniava was the administrative center of Stara Syniava Raion. The raion was abolished in July 2020 as part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, which reduced the number of raions of Khmelnytskyi Oblast to three. The area of Stara Syniava Raion was merged into Khmelnytskyi Raion.[6][7]

Jewish Population[edit]

Stara Syniava had a large Jewish population for nearly 300 years, having been given the status of shtetl. In 1897, the town had 2279 Jews. During World War II, many Jewish residents were able to flee temporarily to Siberia and Uzbekistan, escaping extermination by the advancing German Army and Hitler's SS. Many who remained behind were rounded up by the invaders and killed evidenced by a mass grave of Jews found in Stara Sinyava.[8] After the war some Jews returned to Stara Syniava and resumed living there. In the late 1970s Stara Syniava's Jewish population began emigrating from the USSR, largely to the U.S, Canada, and Israel. Today there are almost no Jews in the town.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Stara Syniava (Khmelnytskyi Oblast, Stara Syniava Raion)". weather.in.ua. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
  2. ^ a b c "Stara Syniava, Khmelnytskyi Oblast, Stara Syniava Raion". Regions of Ukraine and their Structure (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
  3. ^ "Старосинявская громада" (in Russian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
  4. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2021 / Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2021 (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  5. ^ "Stara Syniava". Cities and Monuments of Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 10 January 2013.
  6. ^ "Про утворення та ліквідацію районів. Постанова Верховної Ради України № 807-ІХ". Голос України (in Ukrainian). 2020-07-18. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  7. ^ "Нові райони: карти + склад" (in Ukrainian). Міністерство розвитку громад та територій України. 17 July 2020.
  8. ^ https://www.iajgsjewishcemeteryproject.org/armenia/stara-sinyava-staraya-sinyava-alt-sinyove-sieniawa-stara-stara-syniawa-sinyava-staraya-stara-syniava-stara-synjava-sinyava-khmelnytsky-oblast.html[dead link]
  9. ^ "Technical Problem Form".