Starye Chechkaby

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Starye Chechkaby
Старые Чечкабы (Russian)
Иске Чәчкаб (Tatar)
-  Inhabited locality  -
Map of Russia - Republic of Tatarstan (2008-03).svg
Location of the Republic of Tatarstan in Russia
Starye Chechkaby is located in Tatarstan
Starye Chechkaby
Starye Chechkaby
Location of Starye Chechkaby in the Republic of Tatarstan
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Republic of Tatarstan
Statistics
Population (2002 Census) 482 inhabitants[1]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[2]
Founded 13th–14th century[3]
Postal code(s)[4] 422330
Dialing code(s) +7 8437030[5]
Starye Chechkaby on Wikimedia Commons

Starye Chechkaby (Tatar: Иске Чәчкаб, İske Çәçqab, "Old Chechkab") is a village in the Kaybitsky District of the Republic of Tatarstan. The village is located 100 kilometres (62 mi) south-west of Kazan and 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) west of Greater Kaybits. The Kulanga railway station is located 25 kilometres (16 mi) from the village. It is near the river Berlya, which flows into Sviyaga.

Climate[edit]

The climate is moderately continental, with a Köppen climate classification of Dfb (humid continental climate).[6] The average annual temperature is 4.3 °C (39.7 °F).[7]

History[edit]

The village dates back to ancient times. The first records date from the years 1565–1567.[8] The village has been known since the time of the Khanate of Kazan. This can be seen in archival documents and local history materials collected by K. Galimov and Kalimullin.[8]

According to legend, at the time of the capture of Kazan two Beks (aristocrats) named Chechka-bek and Kulay-bek lived in the village. Kulay-bek helped besiege the city during the capture of Kazan. The king gave him land to the south of the village, where the Buinsky District (New Chechkaby) is now located. Chechka-bek helped the defenders, and perished in the defense of Kazan. Because of this, his village was destroyed, and the remaining villagers founded a new village, which was named in his honor (Chechkaby).[3]

Through the territory of the village is a bypass of Kazan, which was built during the Great Patriotic War. During that war, 165 people left the village, and of these, 111 were lost in battles for the Motherland.[9]

Population[edit]

Mostly Tatars live in the village. Mordvinians (Agish side) and Chuvashеs also lived in the village, but later gradually moved out or became Tatars under the influence of Islam.[citation needed]

Demographics
Year Population
1646 5 (only the male population was counted)
1721 59 (only the male population was counted)
1744 62 (only the male population was counted)
1762 74 (only the male population was counted)
1795 325
1834 309
1858 463
1900 999
1920 1009
1923 519
1926 726
1928 819
1941 984
1957 901
2000 486
2010 450

I.A. Iznoskov in his "Materials of the Inhabitants of the Villages and the County Sviazhsky 1880 – 90 years" wrote that 557 people lived in the village of Old Chechkabs (268 men and 289 women). In 1877, 206 men and 198 women lived in 87 houses. The population later decreased as people fled south in search of land.

Mosque[edit]

The mosque and mahallah were founded 1790. This mosque was in a ravine, because it was not permitted to build mosques in the uplands. It was reconstructed in 1871 using donations from village inhabitants. In 1937 the tower of the mosque was demolished by the Bolsheviks and the building was turned into a house of culture. A new mosque, which is still extant, was built in 1833, but is no longer in use. The current mosque opened on July 16, 1995, at the new location.

Mullahs[edit]

  • Damela Mohammed
  • Abdellatif Alka son of Abdelsha Bikchur
  • Zalyaletdin Nazir
  • Ahmadzakir Mella Zalyaletdin
  • Sitdikov Gabdeshakur
  • Yarhamutdin Saifutdinov, son of Zalyaletdin
  • Zinnatulla Zagidullin
  • Firdus Shagiev

Muazzins[edit]

  • Abdelzhabbar Ait
  • Kamarutdin Abdelgaffar
  • Sitdikov Gabidulla
  • Yarhamutdin Sayfetdin
  • Nurutdin Khairutdinov
  • Davlyatsha Gallyamov

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  2. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. ^ a b Р. Калимуллина «Авылым тарихы», К. Галимов "Эзле Чәчкаб". /R. Kalimullina "Awilim tarixi",Q. Galimov "Ezle Chechkabs"
  4. ^ http://www.ruspostindex.ru/16/40.html
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-07-24. Retrieved 2011-01-08. 
  6. ^ World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification, Institute for Veterinary Public Health, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna
  7. ^ NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy Data Set, RETScreen International
  8. ^ a b http://sch-chechkab.edusite.ru/p15aa1.html
  9. ^ К. Галимов "Эзле Чәчкаб". /Q. Galimov "Ezle Chechkabs"