Stefan Sznuk

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Stefan Sznuk, OC (1896 – May 6, 1986) was a pioneering Polish aviator, as well as an Air Force major-general and was among the first to join the new Polish Air Force in 1919.

Born in Warsaw, he was educated at the Warsaw University of Technology.

He fought in World War I for Imperial Russia and later, after the Russian revolution, with the counterrevolutionary White Russians.[1]

During the Polish Defensive War of 1939, he was staff officer and commander of the Polish Air Forces in the Army Kraków, then in the Army Lublin. He escaped to Romania, later to France and Great Britain. In London he became the Chief Inspector of the Staff of the Polish Air Forces in Great Britain.

Addressing the language problems of each nation controlling its own trainees during the 1942 Ottawa Air Training Conference (British Commonwealth Air Training Plan) of 14 United Nations countries that was designed to coordinate future air power; Poland's Group Captain Stefan Sznuk explained: Only in one instance does a Polish airman speak this language distinctly and with the proper accent—it is when he speaks to the enemy using the eloquent language of the twelve English-made machine guns of his fighter plane.[2]

Sznuk was the last Polish Army and Air Force attaché in Canada before the Soviet-control of the nation.[3] After the demobilization of the Polish Army he settled down in Canada. He helped over 4,500 Polish veterans emigrate to Canada after World War II and was active in the Polish community as Vice-President of the Canadian Polish Congress.

In 1970, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada.[4]

He died on 1986-05-06 in Ottawa, and was buried in the Notre-Dame Cemetery (Ottawa).


See also[edit]


There is a Stefan Sznuk fonds at Library and Archives Canada.[5] The archival reference number is R9106.[6]


  1. ^ Obituaries of the Ontario Genealogical Society Provincial Index Archived 2007-06-11 at, retrieved on 2008-05-31.
  2. ^ "Ups & Downs" Time magazine, June 01, 1942, retrieved on 2008-05-31.
  3. ^ National Army Plaque" Polish Heritage in Canada Archived 2011-07-06 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved on 2008-05-31.
  4. ^ Governor General of Canada[permanent dead link], retrieved on 2008-05-31.
  5. ^ "Stefan Sznuk fonds description at Library and Archives Canada". Retrieved November 15, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ "Finding Aid of Stefan Sznuk fonds" (PDF). Retrieved November 15, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)