Stomiidae is a family of deep-sea ray-finned fish, including the barbeled dragonfishes. They are quite small, usually around 15 cm, up to 26 cm. These fish are apex predators and have enormous jaws filled with fang-like teeth. They are also able to hinge the neurocranium and upper-jaw system, which leads to the opening of the jaw to more than 100 degrees. This ability allows them to consume extremely large prey, often 50% greater than their standard length.
Representative species gallery
- Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2006). "Stomiidae" in FishBase. January 2006 version.
- Review of the Astronesthid Fishes
- Malacosteus niger
- The Deep Sea ocean biology
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