Striped panray

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Striped panray
Zanobatus schoenleinii.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Order: Rhinopristiformes
Family: Zanobatidae
Genus: Zanobatus
Species: Z. schoenleinii
Binomial name
Zanobatus schoenleinii
Zanobatus schoenleinii..svg
Synonyms
  • Discobatus schoenleinii (Müller & Henle, 1841)
  • Platyrhina schoenleinii J. P. Müller & Henle, 1841
  • Platyrhinoidis atlantica Chabanaud, 1928
  • Platyrhinoidis schoenleinii (Müller & Henle, 1841)
  • Zanobatus atlantica (Chabanaud, 1928)
  • Zanobatus atlanticus (Chabanaud, 1928)

The striped panray (Zanobatus schoenleinii) is a species of ray in the family Zanobatidae. It was considered the only species in its genus and family until the description of the maculate panray (Z. maculatus) in 2016.[3][4]

The striped panray is found in the warm East Atlantic Ocean, ranging from Morocco, through the Gulf of Guinea to Angola.[1][3] It mainly occurs over sandy bottoms at depths of less than 15 m (50 ft),[4] but may occur as deep as 60–100 m (200–300 ft).[1][5]

Adults are typically 40–50 cm (1.3–1.6 ft) long and the likely maximum length is around 60 cm (2.0 ft),[3] although there have been claims of individuals up to 1 m (3.3 ft).[5] Its upperparts are brownish with a distinct dark blotched and barred pattern. It resembles the maculate panray, but that species is only known from the Gulf of Guinea (Ivory Coast to Gabon), is smaller (up to around 36 cm or 1.18 ft), has a less striped pattern and a more thorny back.[3][4]

Little is known about the biology of the striped panray and the IUCN has assessed it as being "data deficient".[1] It feeds on benthic invertebrates and it is ovoviviparous, giving birth to 1–4 young that are about 19 cm (7.5 in) long.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Valenti, S.V. (2009). "Zanobatus schoenleinii". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2009: e.T161519A5441827. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2009-2.RLTS.T161519A5441827.en. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
  2. ^ WoRMS (2015). "Zanobatus schoenleinii (Müller & Henle, 1841)". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e Last; White; de Carvalho; Séret; Stehmann; and Naylor, eds. (2016). Rays of the World. CSIRO. pp. 134–136. ISBN 9780643109148.
  4. ^ a b c Séret, B. (2016). "Zanobatus maculatus, a new species of panray from the Gulf of Guinea, eastern central Atlantic (Elasmobranchii: Batoidea: Zanobatidae)". Zootaxa. 4161 (4). doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4161.4.2.
  5. ^ a b Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2017). "Zanobatus schoenleinii" in FishBase. July 2017 version.