Strophanthus speciosus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Strophanthus speciosus
Strophanthus speciosus00.jpg
Strophanthus speciosus[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Strophanthus
Species: S. speciosus
Binomial name
Strophanthus speciosus
(N.B.Ward & Harv.) Reber

Strophanthus speciosus grows as either a shrub up to 4 metres (13 ft) tall or as a liana up to 16 metres (52 ft) long, with a stem diameter up to 3 centimetres (1.2 in). Its flowers feature a white turning orange corolla, red-streaked on the inside. Vernacular names for the plant include "common poison rope" and "forest poison rope ". Habitats are forests and their margins from 300 metres (980 ft) to 1,400 metres (4,600 ft) altitude. Local medicinal uses of S. speciosus include snakebite treatment. The plant has also been used as arrow poison.[2] S. speciosus is native to Zimbabwe, South Africa and Swaziland.[2][3] It contains the toxic glycoside strophanthin.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1868 illustration by Walter Hood Fitch (1817 – 1892) - Curtis's Botanical Magazine v94 (1868) Plate 5713
  2. ^ a b Medicinal Plants. PROTA. 2008. p. 560. ISBN 978-9-05782-204-9. 
  3. ^ "Strophanthus speciosus". Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved 16 July 2013.