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Structuralism is an approach to the human sciences that attempts to analyze a specific field as a complex system of interrelated parts.
Structuralism may also refer to:
- Structuralism (architecture), movement in architecture and urban planning in the middle of the 20th century
- Structuralism (biology), school of biological thought that deals with the law-like behaviour of the structure of organisms
- Structuralism (international relations), studies the impact of world economic structures on the politics of countries
- Structuralism (linguistics), theory that a human language is self-contained structure related to other elements which make up its existence
- Structuralism (philosophy of science), theory of science, reconstructing empirical theories
- Structuralism (philosophy of mathematics), theory of mathematics as structure
- Structuralism (psychology), theory with the goal to describe the structure of the mind
- Structuralism (sociology), also known as structural functionalism
- Structural Marxism, an approach to Marxist philosophy based on structuralism
- Structural anthropology, a theory of fundamental components in all cultures, stories and rituals, a so-called "deep grammar"
- Structural film, an experimental film movement prominent in the US in the 1960s and which developed into the Structural/materialist films in the UK in the 1970.
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